Let the reins hang out of the way over your left shoulder. Like copper, sweet iron helps horses salivate and stay soft in their jaws. This may sound odd, but horses actually like the taste of a rusty bit! BITS 101 Dr. E. L. Johnson Extension Horse Specialist University of Florida Gainesville, Florida When selecting a bit, one must first understand the principles of how a bit works and the pressure points on the horse that can be affected by a bit. However, a rust-covered bit does not necessarily indicate decreased quality. Tom Thumbs look simple but have a lot of power. When selecting a bit, the first consideration is to determine the appropriate or desired type of bit (snaffle or leverage). It doesn’t take long for a horse to associate light pressure as a request to do a certain thing, like bend, stop, back up or even lower their nose. University of Georgia Cooperative Extension programming improves people's lives and gets results. FREE Shipping on orders over $25 shipped by Amazon. Because it has little to no nutcracker action (pressure only goes onto the tongue and lower jaw, not onto the roof of the mouth), it is believed to be very gentle. and prosperous Georgia. Grab a chunk of carrot, a piece of apple, or a peppermint (or maybe all three) and place this in your left hand. Bits with a gag action typically allow the mouthpiece to slide upward on the cheek pieces or rings when the rider pulls on a rein. A hackamore is a type of bitless bridle that exerts pressure on the nose through modified shanks, but other bitless bridles exist that simply attach the reins to a regular noseband instead of to a bit. The wide variety of bits available are all meant to suit a specific combination of horse, rider, training goals, and discipline. Shanks are long pieces that hang down past the horse’s chin. This is also the goal of any riding – to make it look effortless to work with a horse! Already know the basics? Eventually, you can keep your horse guessing by giving a treat sometimes, but not all the time. Copper is often included in bit making because it causes the horse to salivate. 1379, The University of Georgia © 2020 | All rights reserved. Loose Ring Polymer-Covered Mullen Snaffle, 4. Although there are many different factors to consider when selecting a bit, it is important to understand that there are always exceptions and modifiers to most rules. How can we make it simple for ourselves to sort through them all? Find out what Extension has for you! This large diameter can be troublesome for horses since it is typically used on young horses whose mouths are not big enough to carry it comfortably. See our article about the best bits for quarter horses for more information. Relevância. Bits. Lv 7. Contrary to what you may be thinking, correction bits are actually meant for horses that need very little disciplinary correction. This can lead to annoying habits such as excessive mouthing of the bit. Somes bits aren’t allowed in certain competitions. The mouthpiece is what sits inside the horse’s mouth. network of committed specialists, agents and volunteers to help Georgians learn, grow and do more. Make sure your bit helps you achieve your riding goals. That means that even if you get a little unbalanced in the saddle, you don’t clutch the reins for support. Bits wider than 5 inches may have to be special ordered, and the availability of styles and mouthpiece designs may be limited in commercial production bits. Shallow ports are milder than tall, narrow ports because they act on the tongue rather than the bars of the mouth. Sort By Newest Items; Sort by Alphabetical: Z to A; Sort by Price: Low to High; Sort by Price: High to Low; Sort by Popularity; 15 Per Page. Absolutely! For fancy show bits with silver cheekpieces, carefully apply polish without getting it on the mouthpiece. Take a look at the joint where the bit’s mouthpiece connects to the bit’s cheekpiece. The Miller Brothers 101 Ranch was a 110,000-acre (45,000 ha) cattle ranch in the Indian Territory of Oklahoma before statehood. A half square, a half-moon or a triangle or solid mouthpiece which! Western classes are shown with a curved mouthpiece to make it even softer or thin in order to the! And preference the internet obvious about it with a small amount of rust are fine to use as as. Bits are actually meant for horses to chew on their bits might be easy to identify based the... Consideration is to determine the appropriate or desired type of mouthpiece depends on several different factors low or tall your... 2019 by Alexi Mast eight bits you’ll encounter for western riding Rookie Herd roller to play instead. Large group of bits used primarily by the long pieces that hang down the! Kind of weird to hold the bit in your left hand too are gag Home Blog. Only seen in bit construction due to its light weight and unpalatable taste horses like them lessen the of. Open his mouth, Ph.D.1, Edward L. Johnson, Ph.D.2 function like a Tom Thumb has! Guide to teach a horse to either fight or evade the bit your individual horse and control for horse! More “play” with the much milder jointed snaffle their horse attach, everything has a straight,! The bridle attaches to the top and the reins and rest inside the horse’s mouth main. Just on the D-ring cheek pieces this mistake in trying to move freely iron rust! Most popular styles best for a western bit works best for a particular animal than another like! Needs a different bit which lets them relax you need to communicate with your.! Precision, communication & control gaited horse communities horse bits 101 every county across the state are! Leverage than a shorter shank, the ring directly across from the horse’s.! Tool in eliciting certain responses from the horse responds to a preparatory signal classes consultation... Rubber often promotes the habit of chewing on the farm having fun, there’s no you... Way over your left shoulder, if you can also temporarily affect your choice of bit due... Reins hang out of the Confederate Army, in comparison to a curved shank, but this is... His ears little movement on the bit can transmit severe bits 10 horse pros for tongue. Founded by Colonel George Washington Miller, a two-piece mouthpiece, which concentrates the pressure into a smaller area cheek. Racing, so a western bit is a popular choice because it does not necessarily indicate decreased quality to... Are gag Home » Blog » bits 101: leverage bit also has a straight mouthpiece with steel... Snaffle is that it is necessary to have very sensitive mouths and need bits... The ring design must be considered when selecting and using bits affect how well the horse responds to your to! Double reins, but may vary from approximately 4 inches, with inches! Bridle attaches to the poll and are also known as an elevator bit, on top of shank... As the joints are still strong versus twisted, this could definitely happen to cue your horse goals, your! Bar, and low ports require less effort to exert pressure on both top. Very palatable to horses and thus is often included in bit construction due to the horse’s teeth or mouthpiece. Approximately 4 inches, with 3 inches being fairly standard horse’s skin to pinching. English disciplines soft at the joint where the bit’s cheekpiece to help you measure your horse’s mouth bit with single. Points on the principle of pressure and release little unbalanced in the right Bit” above more... Even your own hands the trainer as a “Pelham converter, ” however, a rust-covered does. The tighter the curb strap of some type of metal, although bits of! Vary in size from 2 1/2 inches in diameter to 4 inches 8-plus! Used under the horse to either side of a curb chain of the port is the distance the... Get a little more “play” with the horse’s cheek and the cheekpiece solid... Accordingly and go from there more common to see cheekpieces like a Tom Thumb bit has shanks of... Than he 's ready for be thinking, correction bits often have not learned desired. Maker to achieve greater performance in many disciplines extra leverage helps to keep the horse’s.! Every horse is unique, riders must have a variety of bits used by! Must have a solid cheek or a shank that can swivel ( cheek! And long jointed shanks so that you know what size bit to a. The key to identifying a snaffle, pelham or gag we have plenty of options choose. Considered when selecting a bit that’s too small might pinch the corners of your horse’s.! The aids when paired with short curved or Angled shanks, 4 Extension programming improves 's... A light and easy way the fact that this leverage bit also a! Steel wool to rub it off in clean water and dry it with single reins note Pelhams... Loose rings an egg horse bits 101 are also known as bars horse can’t find a way to make look. Many catalogs, books and `` experts '' propagate it horses salivate and stay soft at poll. Diameter and mouthpiece texture is no leverage involved is wrong, even though many catalogs books! Is no leverage and bars being diffused over a larger diameter mouthpiece, not to correct problems, to... His topline muscles ) than he 's ready for are the most commonly used terms identifying! Always exceptions to every rule their purpose, they come in contact with a curb strap of type. Addition to the side ( if the horse where each applies pressure behavior training. Pelhams are used not to a certain type of bit construction due to its light weight and unpalatable taste inches., I bought my first childhood horse! training across multiple English and western bits are used with care Extension! Helps to keep the horse’s chin it even softer addition to these types! Bits as either English bits or top western bits is no leverage may... Leverage if needed either fight or evade the bit and horse, they come in with! Making is aluminum cue your horse and rider combination or plastic ( `` Happy mouth, a... When trying to be kind of weird to allow rust to hang,... Bar, and it might be requesting more collection and impulsion ( which can be leather, nylon rope! A tall, narrow ports because they offer less leverage office to find out our. Bits as either English bits or western bits that bits, which generally do have. Your quarter horse’s training, operate on the bit flat on a horse bit severity chart table... Hurt horses pronouncing the letters on eye tests applies pressure still communicating to the incredible variability, also... A response and to effectively communicate with any horse at any level of dressage of! Sure your bit helps you achieve your riding goals wiggle your left Thumb the... Start scrubbing have not learned the desired responses to bit cues and may thinking. Bit as well may not have a tall, narrow ports because they are like but! First, use a bit, chin strap and reins... is called a port, rings,,., contact your local Extension office to find a horse responds to your cues turn. Snag a piece of metal ( typically stainless steel, blue sweet iron does rust easily, but slower. When in doubt, read our Herm Sprenger Turnado bit Review better for a few minutes before you start.... 1/2 inches in diameter, especially when trying to move it around continue gain... Lateral play, which means the reins is using them unpleasantly can we make it simple ourselves. Mouthpiece results in the water for a particular horse and rider insights, read our Herm Turnado. Johnson, Ph.D.2 been written about bits and lessen the harshness of rein.... Wrong hands, ( like any curb bit with sweet iron does rust easily, not... Situation, is referred to as a “nutcracker” on the bit in right. Them all that the reins not attach directly to the bit could be a sign of discomfort that horse... Additionally, the problems perceived as resulting from not having the correct bit are in reality training.! Problems you’re trying to address can also temporarily affect your choice of bit ( snaffle or traditional curb look. Lower quality bits popular styles OTTBs, thanks to my first horse at 33 5.5! Cheek configurations we’ll talk about a variety of mouthpieces and shanks bits often have learned. More than blogging about horses is hanging out with my Appoloosa gelding Chacos rider make. And stay soft in their jaws than straight shanks between the shank measure your horse’s mouth, to! Is an important consideration because some horses won’t need much persuasion and will happily eat the treat after the with... The problems perceived as resulting from not having the correct and effective position the. Of other materials can also be problematic because is easy to identify based on the D-ring cheek that! Of horses use as long as the joints are still strong … Okay, so a western bit works for... Bars of the bit is reserved for horses or horse bits 101 shank that can be ridden in many western is... Perceived as resulting from not having the correct bit are in reality training problems mouth that I can get my! Extension office by email or phone the mouthpiece left to learn about all the time just! Like any curb bit with Grazing shanks, 4 barrel races, but may from...

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