Below are the most effective methods for treating bugleweeds that have become invasive. Monday, September 9, 2013. Avoid extremely wet sites. Many of our problem invasives were (and often still are) planted as landscape plants in New Jersey. Home and Garden Information Center, Home and Garden Mimeo HG88. Once robust, transplant the seedlings into the garden. Natural Areas Conservation Training Program, Black walnut toxicity (plants tolerant of), Preventing construction damage to trees and shrubs, Trees and shrubs for the four seasons landscape, Sudden Oak Death, Ramorum Blight and Phytophthora ramorum, Eastern United States Wetlands Collection, Full shade (4 hrs or less of light daily). It is easy to grow as it can cover the ground like a carpet of green or multicolor evergreen leaves. Morning feeding is best, and make sure to rinse off any fertilizer granules from the leaves. Invasive Plant Control in Maryland. To shear back a large area of bugleweed, use a lawnmower set to a high blade height. Learn tips for creating your most beautiful (and bountiful) garden ever. Use enter to activate. Chocolate Chip™ bugleweed  (Ajuga reptans  'Valfredda'): tiny, 1to 3 inch teardrop leaves turn deep chocolate bronze color, a dwarf creeping form. Historically, bugleweed was used as a part of Old Europe’s folk medicine then, later, by the early American herbalists as a remedy for cough, a sedative, and as a remedy for heart palpitations. The goal of this regional resource is to assist both experts and citizen scientists in the detection and identification of invasive species in support of the successful management of invasive species. Landscapers may use this plant for erosion control, but it spreads easily and may become invasive. Generally, the plant thrives in a shady, moist habitats. These evergreen plants form dense mats of glossy leaves. Click on an accepted name below to view its PLANTS … Use up and down arrow keys to explore within a submenu. Other common traditional u… The low-growing habit and small leaves of the bugleweed cover the ground in a thick, lush layer of green, perfect for filling in among other plants in the landscape. Invasive plants, animals and pests are taking a toll on Wisconsin's lakes, rivers and landscapes. This is best done in spring or fall when there is no chance of frost. Within a submenu, use escape to move to top level menu parent. Feeding is rarely necessary unless the plant is growing in poor soil. Depending upon the variety, flowers range from white to purple-blue while the foliage may be green to bronze or purple with some variegated forms. Water whenever the top 1 to 2 inches of soil become dry. It presents gardeners with a tough decision in plant selection. Carpet bugleweed grows rapidly by producing mats of foliage in rosettes. Start bugleweed seed indoors in pots filled with a seed-starter mix. Water bugleweed weekly while plants are getting established, then once every two to three weeks when they're established. To keep the plant under control, rigorously prune runners twice a year. This plant has some cultivated varieties. It is not tolerant of heavy foot traffic. Stop by, email, or call. Size and Method of spreading. Bugleweed (Ajuga reptans), also called common bugleweed, is a fast-growing herbaceous perennial ground cover (the species name reptans means "creeping"). Also known as carpetweed or bugleweed, Ajuga reptans is a perennial that is typically hardy in zones 3 to 9. 2003. Best in well-drained humus-rich soils. In the South, watch out for crown rot, also called "Southern blight," which is caused by a fungus (Sclerotium rolfsii). Use left and right arrow keys to navigate between menus and submenus. Bugleweed is known to help promote heart health as it aids in normalising the heart rate and reducing blood pressure. Hand pulling – It’s always best to manage unwanted plants without use of chemicals whenever possible.  The round green leaves often have a purple tinge and low, short spikes of violet-blue flowers add spring interest.Â. Bugleweed excels at filling in large, shady areas where lawns are difficult to grow, and it can work well on banks or slopes or planted around trees and shrubs. From top level menus, use escape to exit the menu. Bugleweed has shiny, dark green leaves and produces blue, violet, or purple flower spikes in mid- to late-spring that can reach 8 to 10 inches tall, although the flower spikes on some cultivars are shorter. Several cultivars offer variegated foliage colors and patterns. Due to this, the herb is beneficial in preventing the onset of atherosclerosis, heart attacks, and strokes [3]. It spreads by underground runners that form clumps surrounding the parent plant. The bugleweed is a perennial herb from the mint family that is native to Europe but found as an invasive species in North America. Dixie Chip bugleweed (Ajuga reptans 'Dixie Chip'): Tricolor (pink, green and white), narrow foliage; violet-blue flowers; 2 to 4 inches high. Elliptical to rounded shiny green leaves with square stems Ajugas are especially nice because they hold their leaf color and stay attractive almost all year-round, and they bear blue, purple or white flowers from spring into summer. Have tree and plant questions? It is so tough that it can even grow under black walnut trees (Juglans nigra), which produces a chemical that discourages most plants. Now I know I can leave alone as I plant blue flag iris and blue gentian seeds alongside the bugleweed. Pink Lightning bugleweed (Ajuga reptans 'Pink Lightning'): Green leaves edged in white; pink flowers. Mint is an aggressive spreader so it is no surprise that bugleweed is also an aggressive spreader. I found this growing along the shore of Lost Lake in Plymouth. Thanks for this terrific site. Bugleweed is a species of flowers that are commonly used for medicinal purposes. Introducing "One Thing": A New Video Series, The Spruce Gardening & Plant Care Review Board, The Spruce Renovations and Repair Review Board, Bugleweed, common bugleweed, ajuga, carpet bugle, blue bugle, carpetweed, carpenter's herb, 6 to 9 inches tall and 6 to 12 inches wide, Europe, northern Africa, southwestern Asia. It is a member of the mint family. It has a long history of use to help with wounds, and is used in ointments and medicated oils. Ajuga reptans is commonly known as bugle, blue bugle, bugleherb, bugleweed, carpetweed, carpet bugleweed, and common bugle, and traditionally but less commonly as St. Lawrence plant.It is an herbaceous flowering plant, in the mint family, native to Europe.It is invasive in parts of North America. Warning: Bugleweed can become invasive, particularly in well-watered lawns. The vigorous plant grows in a carpet of shiny foliage and massed flowers, swiftly forming dense mats that require little maintenance. I had no idea if it was native or invasive. Catlin's Giant bugleweed (Ajuga reptans 'Catlin's Giant'):   8 inch long green leaves with purple highlights, violet-blue flowers. Foliage color is most vibrant when the plant receives at least three to four hours of sunlight daily. Humans are responsible for almost all of the invasive plant and animal problems. Silver Beauty bugleweed (Ajuga reptans 'Silver Beauty'):  Green leaves edged in white; violet-blue flowers. It offers bright, semi-evergreen foliage and showy flower spikes in amazing shades of blue. To control it in your planting beds, you'll have to be faithful about pulling it out from where it doesn't belong. Weeds of Nebraska and the Great Plains 288 records returned. Bugleweed does well in a wide range of temperatures, but in very hot, humid areas, it requires good air circulation to prevent crown rot. Bugleweed is a low-growing ground cover, usually staying under 6 inches.  It is a trailing-rooting ground cover.  Trailing-rooting ground covers have trailing stems that spread out from a central root system.  These stems spread out horizontally over the ground and can root where they come in contact with the soil.  New shoots will be formed at the point where rooting occurs. When it is needed, apply an all-purpose granular fertilizer. Ajuga is one of the easiest plants to propagate. Japanese honeysuckle 3. Consumption was used to describe a wasting disease caused by starvation from pulmonary tuberculosis. The low, dense spreading habit of bugleweed makes an excellent  ground cover for part-shade or shady areas. Like many herbs that people find to be a nuisance, bugleweed should not be dismissed so lightly. Because bugleweed spreads aggressively via runners, that fact should alert you to its potential to be invasive. The list includes plants that are not on the quarantine list (making them illegal to sell or purchase) but that have invasive potential, including burning bush and Japanese barberry. Lavendar-blue flower spikes appear in early spring. Simple forms and light green or smooth foliage of companion plants will highlight the rough, scrubby texture of the bugleweed foliage. It will tolerate moderately dry soil. As a result, we engage in efforts to identify the most problematic species and to manage them when and where it is possible. Black Scallop bugleweed  (Ajuga reptans 'Binblasca'): Leaves are dark purple, nearly black, with scalloped edges; violet-blue flowers. Autumn olive 4. Golden Glow bugleweed (Ajuga reptans 'Golden Glow'):  Leaves are a mix of yellow and green, with rosy tones in cooler weather; violet-blue flowers. Provide good air circulation in hot and humid areas where crown rot is a problem. Although it has pretty flowers and is available in several different cultivars that work well in landscaping, it can also mak… Garlic mustard A list of invasive exotic plants , found in Indiana … Cover the seeds with a thin layer of compost; they will sprout within a month. Garden of Aaron Adventures in gardening on Tennessee clay soil. It forms a dense mat that will choke out weeds, and it is known to be fairly deer-resistant. It is a trailing-rooting ground cover. Burgundy Glow bugleweed (Ajuga reptans 'Burgundy Glow'):  Tricolor (burgundy, green and white) foliage; violet-blue flowers. This low-growing bugleweed will spread in the garden by stolons (reptans means creepin… 4 pp. Cut off the flower spikes in late summer after the flowers have faded. You can help prevent crown rot by assuring the soil drains well. If the planting area becomes crowded, thin out the plants in the fall by digging up the entire clump and replanting half of the roots. In the wild, it proliferates in marshlands and wetlands. Or, use a water-soluble fertilizer at a rate of 1 tablespoon per 1 gallon of water. Trailing-rooting ground covers have trailing stems that spread out from a central root system. It spreads by underground runners (or stolons) that form a dense mat of foliage. However, there are a few situations in which its good qualities will be enough reason for some gardeners to grow it. Easily grown in average, medium moisture, well-drained soils in full sun to part shade. Bugleweed is a Spring-flowering semi-evergreen groundcover with several foliage color and flower color variants. When the seedlings are viable, pot them up into larger containers. Tough, aggressive and low-maintenance, is Ajuga a valuable workhorse or an invasive menace? People use the parts that grow above the ground for medicine. Debra LaGattuta is a certified master gardener with decades of experience with perennial and flowering plants, container gardening, and raised bed vegetable gardening. Through educational outreach, strategic planning and active management we are … Soothes anxiety. Bronze Beauty bugleweed (Ajuga reptans 'Bronze Beauty'):  metallic bronze leaves; violet-blue flowers. This is an evergreen perennial that grows at a slow rate. Once established, invasive species can negatively impact agriculture, recreation, forestry, human heath, the environment, and the economy. 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