The Antikythera mechanism was similar in size to a mantel clock, and bits of wood found on the fragments suggest it was housed in a wooden case. For hundreds of years, Greek astronomers had been studying the movements of heavenly bodies, and by Archimedes' lifetime, all the motions replicated on the Antikythera Mechanism were known to science. Scanning the Layers 3. One such item is the Antikythera Mechanism which is often referred to as the world’s most ancient computer. Many scientists originally thought the Antikythera Mechanism was a piece of navigational equipment. It was found in a Roman shipwreck near the island of Antikythera (literally “opposite Kythera”- another Greek island) in … Based on dating studies, the Greeks built the device between 150 and 100 BC, and no other similar archeological find from that era has ever been made. Eclipses are indicated on a four-turn spiral Saros Dial by glyphs, which describe type and time of eclipse and include alphabetical index letters, referring to solar eclipse inscriptions. The machine dates from around the end of the 2nd century B.C. According to latest research results, Antikythera mechanism was likely also used as a geocentric planetarium, giving a cosmic view of that era. The Discovery 2. This may be the most impactful discovery in the Antikythera Mechanism research to date. After numerous studies, it was estimated … Now, let’s share some interesting facts about the Antikythera Mechanism, so you can have basic information about the device’s origin, builders, and characteristics. If you're interested, you can check out the videos on building the replica, ancient tool technology, or the research paper presenting the findings. Discovered in 1900 among the remains of a shipwreck, and regarded as the first computer made by humans, the Antikythera mechanism remained a mystery for almost a century, until in 2006 British and American scientists began to figure out how the artifact, composed of about thirty gears worked. The Mechanism is believed to be made of Bronze, or more specifically a low tin bronze (95% copper, 5% tin). Antikythera Mechanism, proposing instead that it is a 354-day lunar calendar. The Ancient Greeks have been known as the guardians of numerous cutting edge creations, Antikythera Mechanism came as a surprise for the researchers. The device is over 2,000 years old. Much later, the Antikythera Mechanism, to the amazement of scientists, would be revealed as, "The World's First Computer," built 2,000 years ago by a Greek genius. The original Antikythera Mechanism was discovered in a shipwreck off the Greek island of Antikythera (hence its name) in 1902; and, dates from the 2nd or 3rd Century BC. Among the massive ancient monuments, temples, even cities, archaeologists often discover unexpected mysterious ancient artifacts that go beyond our knowledge and understanding of the past. An Extraordinary Machine 1. The front of the Antikythera Mechanism shows seven hands (sun, moon, five planets) and a double ring scale (outside: Egyptian calendar, inside: zodiac). The big hand is the moon. Instead, they concluded that it must have been made centuries later, then been lost at sea, and came to rest by mere coincidence atop the earlier debris of the Antikythera Wreck. Scientists all agree that the ANTIKYTHERA MECHANISM is real and that it dates the the 2nd century BC making it well over 2,000 years old. and is the most sophisticated mechanism known from the ancient world. Why Athens. by the Ancient Greeks who knew why we have seasons such as Spring. It was discovered in the Antikythera … It was discovered by sponge divers off Point Glyphadia on the Greek island of Antikythera in 1900. Although this does not necessarily imply that he saw an ‘Antikythera’ mechanism, the reference (certainly noted by de Solla Price) does imply the existence in Rhodes – at the right time – of a tradition where astronomical mechanisms were made. The technology of the Antikythera Mechanism was so advanced that it re-appeared in Europe only in the 16th century. 5. Facts about the Antikythera Mechanism. But Item 15087 always had at least one or two more scientifically inclined champions. Since its discovery in a shipwreck near Greece in 1900, an ancient metallic astronomical clock, called the ‘Antikythera Mechanism’ still baffles scientists. Chapter Menu 1. The Antikythera mechanism and the astrolabes are considered to be the first analogue calculators (courtesy of National Archaeological Museum, Athens/Costas Xenikakis). Little did they know it would be one of the most important scientific measuring devices ever discovered. This mechanical structure is a kind of analog computer. The complex clocklike assembly of bronze gears and display dials predates other known examples of similar technology by more than 1,000 years. The mechanism is a one-of-a-kind discovery. John Seabrook on the Antikythera Mechanism, fragments of an ancient mechanical device, discovered in the Aegean Sea, that have long been one of the great mysteries of science. The Antikythera Mechanism, he argued, was one of their gifts [source: Seabrook]. Where it is kept? Fifty years later scholars slowly began to unlock its ancient mystery.The Antikythera mechanism is the oldest known scientific calculator. A number of gears worked together, much like they do in a mechanical clock.The device could predict astronomical positions, eclipses, the motions of the sun, the moon and probably some of the planets. It is adorned with a black and white marble. The Antikythera Mechanism was found by divers in 1901, and many died while performing the search. 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