Rescue workers search for missing people at the site of the explosion. The resulting fire caused an explosion and additional fires that damaged more than 1,000 buildings and killed nearly 400 people, according to the website of the Texas Historical Association. On explosion, ammonium nitrate yields N 2, O 2, and water as the by-products. Industrial Grade Ammonium Nitrate In its pure form, ammonium nitrate isn’t usually explosive – in fact, it’s safe to handle. The colossal explosion in Lebanon’s capital this week was apparently caused when more than 2,700 tons of ammonium nitrate detonated. It has a role as a fertilizer, an explosive and an oxidizing agent. … (1) The reaction isn't this simple. Chemical Agents. In March 2010 the Afghan government banned ammonium nitrate fertilizer so the insurgents have begun to smuggle it into the country. Sometimes just opening the bottle can set off an explosion This is why bottles of ether older than 6 months must be discarded. A woman, whose son is said to be missing after Tuesday's explosion, waits outside Beirut's port on Thursday to receive information from rescue teams. This makes it a scary explosive. Documents newly reviewed by CNN reveal that a shipment of 2,750 metric tons of, Once it arrived, the ship never left Beirut's port, according Lebanon's Director of Customs, Badri Daher, despite repeated warnings by him and others that the cargo was the equivalent of "a floating bomb.". A helicopter fights a fire Tuesday at the scene of the explosion. By Helen Regan, Tamara Qiblawi, Ghazi Balkiz, Ben Wedeman and Luke McGee, CNN. According to emails exchanged by Prokoshev and a Beirut-based lawyer Charbel Dagher, who represented the crew in Lebanon, the ammonium nitrate was unloaded in Beirut's port by November 2014 and stored in a hangar. But the compound can contribute to explosions because it … (CNN)As Lebanon's investigation into the devastating blast in Beirut continues, officials have pointed to a possible cause: A massive shipment of agricultural fertilizer that authorities say was stored in the port of Beirut without safety precautions for years -- despite warnings by local officials. People gather by damaged buildings after the blast. 9/11 Truther Mark Ruffalo Testifies to Congress on Science, Nothing Grimes Said About Eyeballs or Depression Makes Any Sense, Jeff Bezos' Plan to Colonize Space is Based on Sheer Nonsense, Robert F. Kennedy, Jr. is Helping Spread Flu and Cervical Cancer, Anti-Monsanto Lawyer and USRTK, Carey Gillam Collaborator Possibly Headed to Prison for Extortion, Journalist Peter Fairley Cites Anti-Vaxx Website, Spreads Misinformation on Flu, COVID-19, DeSmogBlog: Climate Website Is Headed by Anti-Vaxxer Brendan DeMelle, DeSmogBlog: Climate Activist Site Smears Freeman Dyson and Other Scientists. Once the bottle is opened the ether is exposed to oxygen and it slowly forms explosive hydroperoxides. The idea that such a quantity would have been left unattended for six years beggars belief and was an accident waiting to happen.". It was carrying 2,750 metric tons of ammonium nitrate, an industrial chemical commonly used around the world as a fertilizer -- and in explosives for mining. People walk Wednesday along a road littered with debris and abandoned vehicles. Heating also poses a danger: ammonium nitrate decomposes at around 230˚C, and can explode when heated to between 260–300˚C if it’s confined. Lebanese Red Cross officers carry an injured woman on Tuesday night. A building's facade is shattered after Tuesday's explosion. Nitro-Coffee: Good Science Or Nitrogenous Waste? A Pictorial History of Texas City Explosion 1947. "The Port Authority should not have allowed the ship to offload the chemicals into the port," he said. CNN's Kareem Khadder, Schams Elwazer, Rob Picheta and Laura Smith-Spark contributed to this story. She told Jordan's state-owned channel Al Mamlaka that the exchange is being considered in relation to the potential cause of the deadly Beirut blast. Beirut was declared a "disaster city" by authorities on Wednesday. In Sarba, Lebanon, on Saturday, August 8 of a building that was damaged by the AMERICAN on... 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