17, No. rhizosphere of plant growing in the Cholistan desert of Pakistan. The habits of the plant species found as, 75 species (49%) were herbs, 34 species (22%) were grasses, 21 species (14%) were shrubs, 10 species (6%) were trees, and 9 species (6%) were subshrubs, 2 species (1%) were sedges and 3 species (2%) were climbers ( Figure 3 ). 3, 2008, pp. The dis-. Statistically, data were analyzed by using one way ANOVA (Analysis Of Variance) separately for trees, herbs, and shrubs. The voucher specimens were deposited in the herbarium of Cholistan Institute of Desert Studies, The Islamia University of Bahawalpur. Cholistan desert also known as rohi desert is one of the majestic beauties of Pakistan. A gradual change in monsoon winds along with other causes increases the aridity and ultimately converts the area into a desert [5]. 1923-1931. A. Jabeen, M. A. Khan, M. Ahmad, M. Zafar and F. Ahmad, “Indigenous Uses of Economically Important Flora of Margallah Hills National Park, Islamabad, Pakistan,” African Journal of Biotechnology, Vol. Aristida, Boerhavia. 8, No. All the information regarding the medicinal uses of plants in Cholistan desert are collected from the local people, professionals and available concerned literature. The present study examines the flora of the Cholistan desert, which indicates that the flora of the Cholistan de- sert belongs to 154 plant species of 106 genera and 38 families. 5, 2007, pp. 615-625. M. Udayakumar, M. Ayyanar and T. Sekar, “Angiosperms, Pachaiyappa’s College, Chennai, Tamil Nadu, India,” Check List, Vol. 5, 2009, pp. Among the existing families, 33 families are dicotyledons, 4 families of monocotyledons and 1 family of gymnosperms (Table 1). This volume presents new and additional information about the physiology and ecology of halophytic plant species and saline ecosystems. Thal Desert Subtropical deserts usually feature wild, bushy vegetation Figure 1. Copyright © 2013 Hafiz Muhammad Wariss et al. Aizoaceae, Capparidaceae, and Chenopodiaceae are represented with 6 species each. 7, No. Related works from adjoining areas include Baig et al., [28], Arshad & Rao [29] Hameed et al. 40, No. 25-34. K. M. Matthew, “Flora of Tamilnadu Carnatic,” The Rapinat Herbarium, St. Joseph’s College, Tiruchirapalli, 1981-1983, pp. College Bosan Road Multan, Multan, 2006. The Cholistan is the cradle of precious desert livestock breeds and camel is one of the core livestock. 1, 2006, pp. M. Arshad and G. Akbar, “Benchmark of Plant Communities of Cholistan Desert,” Pakistan Journal of Biological Sciences, Vol. This effort is being made to provide basic guidance to conserve the precious wealth of medicinal plant resources of Cholistan desert. I & II, Old Connaught Place, Dehradun, 1987, 1991. Historically, the Cholistan desert was a cradle of Hakra River Civilization which flowed through the area during 1200 BC regularly and became irregular about 600 BC. Deserts can be majestic, powerful places to visit, and contrary to popular notions, they aren't just barren landscapes. Table 2. Table 1. The soil of Cholistan desert is mostly alkaline, saline, and gypsiferous composed of schists, gneiss, granites, and slates (Arshad et al., 2008). Aerial parts (ethanolic extract) of Halo … Hepatoprotective studies on Haloxylon Salicornicum: a plant from Cholistan desert 3, 2008, pp. A TOKTEN Con- sultancy Report,” Cholistan Institute of Desert Studies, Islamia University, Bahawalpur, 1992, p. 34. Its length is 480 km and 32-192 km varying breadth[].Cholistan desert is uniquely located wild land of its … The detailed field studies have been made to collect plant specimens at regular intervals during 2009-2011 in each season. R. C. Mehidiratta, “Geology of India, Pakistan, Bangla Desh, Burma” 4th Rev-Edition, Atma Ram & Sons, Kashmere Gate, Delhi, 1985. The study was conducted to accumulate information about the plant resources used by various communities of Cholistan desert. R. Qureshi and G. R. Bhatti, “Diversity of Micro-Habitats and Their Plant Resources in Nara Desert, Pakistan,” Pakistan Journal of Botany, Vol. The fresh plants of F. hamiltonii were collected from the local area of desert of Bahawalpur division, Punjab, Pakistan. 18, No. Among families, 33 families belong to Dicotyledons of 79 genera and 115 species, while the 38 species of 26 genera belong to 4 families of Monocotyledons and 1 family of gymnosperms with 1 genus and 1 species. 40, No. Its old civilization has van-ished mainly due to … This effort is being made to provide basic guidance to conserve the precious wealth of medicinal plant resources of Cholistan desert. They were sampled by repeated 100-m long transects at 55 sites. A floristic survey of Cholistan desert was carried out during 2009-2011 and total of 38 families, 106 genera and 154 species were documented from the area. Habit-wise distribution of plant species of Cholistan Desert. It is unique wild land having endemic flora containing 28 families and 138 species out of which about 64 species have been identified as medicinal plants [2]. 2, 1980, pp. 39, No. K. Ahmad, Z. I. Khan, M. Ashraf, M. I. Hussain and E. H. Aleem, “Status of Plant Diversity at Kufri (Soone Valley) Punjab, Pakistan and Prevailing Threats There in,” Pakistan Journal of Botany, Vol. 2163-2168. The study was conducted to accumulate information about the plant resources used by various communities of Cholistan desert. The famous Marrecha breed of camel and Cholistani cattle are the backbone of the desert economy and livelihood1. Wealth of medicinal plants of Cholistan desert, Pakistan List of plant species of Cholistan desert. Cholistan Desert is locally known as "Rohi 'and covers the area of Bahawalpur, Punjab.It adjoins the Thar Desert, extending over to Sindh and into India. C. Raunkiaer, “The Life Forms of Plants and Statistical Plant Geography,” Oxford, 1934. National Agricultural Research Centre (NARC), Islamabad  established in 1984, is the largest research centre of the Pakistan Agricultural Research Council (PARC). The collected specimens were identified with the help of various floras, illustrations & monographs [35- 45]. Received October 25th, 2013; revised November 26th, 2013; accepted December 12th, 2013, Keywords: Floristic Composition; Life Form; Habit; Cholistan Desert; Pakistan. According to the results, Blepharis sindica was used as galactagogue. 79-81. The mean annual rainfall varies between 100 mm to 250 mm. There are 131 plant species in Cholistan from 89 genera and 24 families. A. Chaudhary, M. A. M. S. Baig, M. Akram and M. A. Hassan, “Possibilities for Range Development in Cholistan Desert as Reflected by Its Physiography and Soils,” The Pakistan Journal of Forestry, Vol. A. S. Leopold, “The Desert New York,” Time-Life International, New York, 1963. 267-274. H. Shaheen and R. A. Qureshi, “Vegetation Types of Sheosar Lake and surrounding landscape in Deosai Plains of North Pakistan, Western Himalayas,” Journal of Medical Plants Research, Vol. 1, 2005, pp. Subsoil water in Cholistan is typically brackish, and unsuitable for most plant growth. Arshad, M. (Islamia Univ., Bahawalpur (Pakistan). With lush green vegetation of some of the rarest plant species of the country, this oasis of Cholistan Desert is one of its most unique features. 85-92. The halophytes are highly specialized plants, which have greater tolerance to salt. Cold Desert, Skardu The life span or life cycle distribution of the plant species in the study area were represented by 79 species (51%) perennials and 75 (49%) annual species (Figure 4). S. A. Chaudhary, “Grasses of Saudi Arabia,” National Agricultural and Water Research Center, Ministry of Agriculture and Water, Riadh, 1989. Plant collection and extraction. 3, 2008, pp. Life form distribution of plant species of Cholisitan desert. J. Geography, 1-2: 83-100. 124-128. The Brela or Malgade with high yielding camel breed come to the desert after the monsoon. [30] Arshad et al., [31] and Wariss [32]. 8, No. R. Akhter and M. Arshad, “Arid Rangelands in the Cholistan Desert (Pakistan),” Sécheresse, Vol. 176-262. 312-317. The rainwater is harvested in the low-lying In the present study, crude methanolic extracts containing secondary metabolites of some xerophytic plants from the Cholistan desert of Pakistan were analyzed for quantification of primary and secondary metabolites. 4, 2003, pp. http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10722-005-8563-5, http://dx.doi.org/10.3923/pjbs.2002.1110.1113, http://dx.doi.org/10.3923/jbs.2002.267.274. The plant specimen was identified by research officer/ taxonomist, Mr. Hafiz Muhammad Waris from Cholistan Institute of Desert Studies (CIDS), The Islamia University of Bahawalpur, Pakistan. 2, No. M. Arshad, M. Y. Ashraf, M. Ahmad and F. Zaman, “Mor- pho-Genetic Variability Potential of Cenchrus ciliaris L., from Cholistan Desert, Pakistan,” Pakistan Journal of Botany, Vol. The life form of plant species was determined by following the Raunkier’s method. Deserts are very much alive, and they host a wide range of fascinating plants … In Cholistan desert, two sources of water, one is rainfall and other is sub-soil water. The habits of the plant species found as, 75 species (49%) were herbs, 34 species (22%) were grasses, 21 species (14%) were shrubs, 10 species (6%) were trees, and 9 species (6%) were subshrubs, 2 species (1%) were sedges and 3 species (2%) were climbers (Figure 3). Physical facilities in term of experimental fields, laboratories, green houses, gene bank, library/ documentation, auditorium, machinery & lab equipment repair workshops, stores, hostels, cafeteria, audio visual studios, are also available at NARC. " It will be helpful and serve for the conservation and sustainable utilization of plant resources of the area. 1, 2009, pp. All the information regarding the medicinal uses of plants in Cholistan desert are collected from the local people, professionals and available concerned literature. In stark contrast to its arid desert landscape, the desert is home Dodhla Forest, one of Pakistan’s most well-protected rainforest. R. R. Rigamoto and A. P. Tyagi, “Biodiversity of the Coastal Littoral Vegetation of Rotuma Island, Fiji,” International Journal of Agriculture and Biology, Vol. 979-992. Medicines prepared from the local plants are extensively used by the inhabitants of Cholistan desert to cure various diseases. Preliminary assessment of plant community structure and arbuscular mycorrhizas in rangeland habitats of Cholistan desert, Pakistan. 5, No. The surviving fractions of M. luteus-chp37 after 18 days of desiccation, under RH 5, 27 and 100% were 2, 4 and 0.6%, respectively. 210-217. 3, 2012, pp. Floristic studies of the any given area help us to evaluate the plant wealth and its potential value. Cholistan and Thai desert areas extend over a 500 km north-south transition from 200 to 120 mm rainfall. Topographically, the area can be divided into two geomorphic regions based on parent material, soil and vegetation. D. Mueller-Dombois and H. Ellenberg, “Aims and Methods of Vegetation Ecology,” Wiley & Sons, New York, 1974. 6, No. S. A. Chaudhry, “The Cholistan Desert. 29, No. Ordination (DECORANA) and classificatory techniques (association analysis and TWINSPAN) were used to examine these data. Figure 3. Rain water is collected in “Tobas” man-made ponds or natural depression. While the roots of 17 plants and fruits of 16 plants are commonly used for the treatment of various diseases. 201-226. R. R. Stewart, “An Annotated Catalogue of Vascular plants of West-Pakistan and Kashmir,” Fakhri Printing Press, Karachi, 1972. M. S. Baig, E. H. Khan, M. R. Zaheer and M. Ahmad, “Reconnaissance Soil Survey of Cholistan,” Research Report, Directorate of Soil Survey of Pakistan, Lahore, 1975. The life form of all plants determined and plants classified followed after Raunkiaer [33] and MuellerDombois, & Ellenberg [34]. The nomenclature used in this study is in accord with the work of Nasir and Ali (1990) on Flora of Pakistan. The wind resorted sandy desert covers about 18,130 km2 in the southern region known as Greater Cholistan [8-10]. Yasin G, Anwer I, Majeed I, Sabir M, Mumtaz S, Mehmood A. Pharmacodynamics of Secondary Metabolites Extracts of Some Plants from Cholistan Desert in Altering in Vitro Human Haematological Indices ‎. Graphical respresntastion of life cycle of plant species of Cholistan desert. X. Qin, R. Zhang and F. Xing, “A Study on the Flora and Vegetation of Cat Dua Island, Norteastern Vietnam,” Pakistan Journal of Botany, Vol. 8, 2006, pp. Graphical respresntastion of life cycle of plant species of Cholistan desert. Consequently the pharmacists and scientists will be able to discover new medicinal compounds that could be useful in various diseases. Ecological studies on the vegetation of cholistan desert as influenced by climate and grazing. The Cholistan is a desert covering an area of 26,000 Km2 located between 27°42′ and 29°45′ N latitude and 69°52′ and 75°24′ E longitude (Figure 1) at a height of 112 m above sea level [13-16]. Wealth of medicinal plants of Cholistan desert, Pakistan. Keeping into consideration, present study was planned with the objectives to investigate and document the floristic record of the study area. 967-971. S. A. Chaudhary, “Flora of Lyallpur and Adjacent Canal Colony District,” West Pakistan Agriculture University, Lyallpur, 1969. The soil of Cholistan desert is mostly alkaline, saline, and gypsiferous composed of schists, gneiss, granites, and slates (Arshad et al., 2008). NARC, with a total land area of approximately 1400 acres, is located near Rawal Lake, six kilometers south-east of Islamabad. CHOLISTAN: The wildlife population in Cholistan desert, particularly that of migratory birds, is fast declining due to illegal hunting, says a former Wildlife Department whohas served in the region. 763-784. They can germinate, grow and reproduce successfully in saline areas which would cause the death of regular plants. The Cholistan desert covering an area of 26,000 km2, lies within South of Bahawalpur in the Punjab extending through the Nara and Thar deserts of Sindh between 27˚42ʹN and 29˚45ʹN latitude and 69˚52ʹE and 75˚24ʹE longitude (Figure 1) [1] at an altitude of about 112 m above sea level [2]. The plants were identified with help of "Flora of Pakistan" and other available literature. M. Arshad, H. Anwar, M. Y. Ashraf, S. Noureen and M. Moazzam, “Edaphic Factors and Distribution of Vegetation in the Cholistan Desert, Pakistan,” Pakistan Journal of Botany, Vol. The vegetation of Cholistan desert comprises of xerophytic species adapted to wide range of severe temperature, moisture and edaphic conditions. 993- 997. H. M. Wariss, “A Contribution to the Flora of Lal Suhanra National Park, Bahawalpur,” M.Sc. 2, No. desert with stunted and grazed shrubs, and a few trees. 10, 2009, pp. Saeed Ahmad, Hafiz Muhammad Wariss, Khurshid Alam, Shazia Anjum, Muhammad Mukhtar. of Desert Studies). Brassicaceae, Cyperaceae, Molluginaceae, Nyctaginaceae, Polygonaceae and Rhamnaceae have 3 species each. These genera were represented with 2 species in each Abutilon, Acacia, Amaranthus, Capparis, Chenopodium, Corchorus, Cyperus, Farsetia, Haloxylon, Mollugo, Panicum, Portulaca, Prosopis, Rhynchosia, Saccharum, Tamarix, Tragus, and Trianthema (Table 2). 53, No. S. Saeed, R, Qureshi, M. A. Ullah and M. Nasir, “Herbaceous Flora of Chotran Area, Rawalpindi in Pakistan,” Agricultural Science Research Journal, Vol. The vegetation of this desert consists of xerophytes, adjusted to low moisture, extremely hot temperature, and … Because of the diverse topographic features and microhabitats, the study area had a great potential for flourishing a rich plant biodiversity. The relative humidity is very low with high rate of evaporation [6]. Many workers have contributed to floristic studies of different regions include Rigamoto & Tyagi [16], Balos & Akan [17], Qureshi & Bhatti [18], Abdullahi et al., [19], Jabeen et al., [20], Marwat et al., [21], Fazal et al, [22], Shaheen & Qureshi [23], Udayakumar et al., [24], Qin et al., [25], Saeed et al., [26] and Youcef et al., [27]. M. M. Balos and H. Akan, “Flora of the Region between Zeytinbahçe and Akarçay (Birecik, fianliurfa, Turkey)” Turkish Journal of Botany, Vol. 1481-1488. S. I. Ali and M. Qaiser, “Flora of Pakistan 194-210,” Department of Botany, University of Karachi, Karachi, 1993-to Date. Home | About SCIRP | Sitemap | Contact Us. 40, No. Cholistan word is originated from the Turkish word Chol, which means the land of desert.Cholistan desert locally known as Rohi desert that surrounds near about 30 km from Bahawalpur, Punjab, Pakistan and covering an area of 26,000 km 2 which is full of resources of medicinal plants. 20-25. 15: Chaudhry, M.S., Z. Batool and A.G. Khan, 2005. I. Ali, M. S. Chaudhary and U. Farooq, “Camel Rearing in Cholistan Desert of Pakistan,” Pakistan Veterinary Journal, Vol. Prof Dr Shazia Anjum, Director, Cholistan Institute of Desert Studies briefed that Cholistan was a fragile ecosystem which was losing its native flora and fauna ultimately losing its potential to support migratory birds. The following genera were containing more than one number of species in the study area. Asteraceae is present with 9 species. 40, No. The vegetation of this desert consists of xerophytes, adjusted to low moisture, extremely hot temperature, and more salinity with wide variation of edaphic factors. Cholistan desert is situated in so uth west of Punjab (Pakistan) and its area is about 26000 Km2 having highly saline soil [1]. Mycorrhiza, 15: 606-611. Copyright ? 4, 2002, pp. Location map of the Cholistan desert. S. I. Ali, “Significance of Flora with Special Reference to Pakistan,” Pakistan Journal of Botany, Vol. The soils of Cholistan are generally saline, alkaline, gypsiferous and often duned. The largest family was Poaceae with 34 species followed by Papilionaceae and Zygophyllaceae with 10 species while Asteraceae with 9 species respectively. Among the existing families, 33 families are dicotyledons, 4 families of monocotyledons and 1 family of gymnosperms (Table 1 M. Arshad, G. Akbar and S. Rashid, “Wealth of Medicinal Plants of Cholistan Desert, Pakistan: Conservational Strategies,” Hamdard Medicus, Vol. The distribution of plant life form species at the Cholistan desert were found as Therophyte 74 species (48%), Chamaephyte 40 species (26%), Hemicryptophyte 18 species (12%), Phanerophyte 19 species (12%) and Cryptophyte 3 species (2%) (Figure 2). H. Youcef, B. M. Lamine, B. Hocine, M. Rabah, L. Ali and M. B. Belhamra, “Diversity of Halophyte Desert Vegetation of the Different Saline Habitats in the Valley of Oued Righ, Low Sahara Basin, Algeria,” Research Journal of Environment and Earth Sciences, Vol. A study on the ethno-veterinary usage of wild medicinal plants of Greater Cholistan desert of Pakistan was conducted from January, 2007 to December, 2008. Figure 4. M. Arshad and A. R. Rao, “Flora of Cholistan Desert (Systematic List of Trees, Shrubs and Herbs),” Journal of Economic and Taxonomic Botany, Vol. Many plants of the Cholistan desert, including Neurada procumbens, Aerva javanica, Capparis decidua, Cleome brachycarpa, Dipterygium glaucum, … M. Arshad, M. Ashraf and N. Arif, “Morphological Variability of Prosopis cineraria (L.) Druce, from the Cholistan Desert, Pakistan,” Genetic Resources and Crop Evolution, Vol. 6, 2012, pp. The present study examines the flora of the Cholistan desert, which indicates that the flora of the Cholistan desert belongs to 154 plant species of 106 genera and 38 families. 4, 2012, pp. Cholistan desert hosts an annual Jeep rally, known as Cholistan Desert Jeep Rally which is the biggest motor sports event in Pakistan.. tribution pattern of vegetation depends on the topography and soil chemical composition of the area [12-14]. Int j pharm phytopharm res 2020;10(2):138-47 1Cholistan Institute of Desert Studies, The Islamia University of Bahawalpur, Bahawalpur, Pakistan; 2The Islamia University of Bahawalpur, Pakistan; 3Shakarpur Campus, Shah Abdul-Latif University, Khairpur, Pakistan. Of Lal Suhanra National Park, Bahawalpur, 1992, p. 34 with the help various. ] [ 28 ] ( Islamia Univ., Bahawalpur, ” Vol r. Stewart, “ Benchmark plant! 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Fakhri Printing Press, Karachi, 1996 species have been made to provide guidance! “ Flora of Pakistan '', `` cholistan desert plants of medicinal plant resources of Cholistan desert Arshad, “ the of... Monsoon winds along with other causes increases the aridity and ultimately converts the area can be majestic powerful. Often duned Pakistan Journal of cholistan desert plants Sciences, Vol to discover New medicinal that! That could be useful in various diseases Nasir and Ali ( 1990 ) on Flora of Indian desert ”... Pakistan ) Studies, the study was conducted to accumulate information about the plant cholistan desert plants Cholistan!, Lyallpur, 1969 Adjacent canal Colony District, ” Fakhri Printing Press, Karachi, 1972 rain water collected. Structure and arbuscular mycorrhizas in rangeland habitats of Cholistan desert, ” Department of Botany University Bahawalpur! Are collected from the local area of desert Studies, Islamia University of Punjab, ''... 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