Eratosthenes is believed to have been born in 276 BC in Cyrene and was the chief librarian at the Library of Alexandria. Father of geography Eratosthenes FatherAlexander von Humboldt (1769–1859) – considered father of modern geography, published Cosmos and founder of the sub-field biogeography. Eratosthenes' most famous contribution to science was his calculation of the circumference of the Earth, which he completed while working on the second volume of his "Geography.". Hiccatius is often called Father of Geography. But many of them also consider Hiccatius as the Father of Geography. This was a major opportunity, and Eratosthenes was excited to accept the position. By Joseph Kiprop on May 14 2018 in Society. The catalog was made up of 48-star constellations that were visible to the pre-modern astronomer. However, these maps were basic regional maps and were laden with errors and exaggerations. Born in Cyrene, in what is now Libya, in 276 B.C., Eratosthenes grew up curious and went to Athens to learn more about the world around him. Besides, the geographer also published a book entitled, “Kitab nuzhat al-Mushtaq fi’khtiraq al-‘afaq,” in which he outlined geographic information about the world. He was educated at the academies of Athens and in 245 BCE, after earning attention for his skills, he was invited by Pharaoh Ptolemy III to run the Great Library at Alexandria in Egypt. The list of star constellations made the Almagest a book of great import to astronomers in Europe and Arabia in the medieval era. Eratosthenes was a Greek expert in many disciplines, including astronomy, geography, and mathematics. The earliest world maps date back to the 9th century BC in ancient Babylon. He is most famous for his calculation of Earth's circumference and for inventing the word geography. The second book of "Geography" described the mathematical calculations he had used to determine the circumference of the Earth. Eratosthenes was the first person to use the word "geography" and other geographical terms that are still in use today, and his efforts to calculate the circumference of the Earth and the distance from the Earth to the Sun paved the way for our modern understanding of the cosmos. Through maps and activities, children gain a thorough knowledge of each continent. Al-Idrisi was a 12th-century Arabic geographer, who was best known for one of the most accurate geographical maps of the ancient world. The map was used for hundreds of years after his death, with prominent explorers of later years such as Vasco da Gama and Christopher Columbus using the map for navigation. Al-Idrisi credited Claudius Ptolemy for the geographical coordinates used in his publication. As we now know, this was a critical error on Columbus' part. He is widely respected as one of the founders of modern geography. The works of Strabo were influenced by earlier Greek scholars such as Hipparchus and Eratosthenes, with Strabo citing the two in his publications. So, Most scholars consider Eratosthenes as the father of Geography. In his old age, Eratosthenes became blind and he died of self-induced starvation in either 192 or 196 BCE in Alexandria, Egypt. A few decades later, the Greek geographer Posidonius insisted that Eratosthenes' circumference was too large. He then measured the angle of the shadow in Alexandria on the solstice. until only the prime numbers remained. Professor Mesfin Woldemariam. What is Geography? are solved by group of students and teacher of Personal Skills, which is also the largest student community of Personal Skills. The geographer died in 1165 in his ancestral town of Ceuta at the age of 64 or 65 years. The first book of "Geography" contained a summary of existing geographical work and Eratosthenes' speculations about the nature of the planet Earth. The geographer used the length of the shadows at noon and the sun’s rays to come up with a formula that enabled him to calculate the earth’s circumference which according to him was 27,402 miles. According to most scholars, Eratosthenes is known as the father of Geography because he is considered to have been the first person to use the word 'Geography'. He lived to be about 80 to 84 years old. Branches of Geography? Greece - Just like the “Father of Mathematics,” Archimedes, and the “Father of Philosophy,” Socrates, the “Father of Geography” came from Greece. A crater on the Moon was named in his honor. Alexander von Humboldt's travels, experiments, and knowledge transformed western science in the nineteenth century. Fast Facts: Eratosthenes Known For: Eratosthenes was a Greek polymath who became known as the father of geography. Ptolemy was a 1st century CE astronomer and geographer from the Roman Empire. Yohannes AberraOctober 1, 2020 Last July I sent the manuscript of my book on the Geography of Ethiopia, written for the first time in Amharic, to Professor Mesfin Woldemariam to review it and give me his blessings. Eratosthenes was one of the greatest Greek polymaths, and his work influenced later innovators in fields ranging from mathematics to geography. Charles Darwin described him as "the greatest scientific traveler who ever lived." Eratosthenes already knew the approximate distance between Syene and Alexandria, as measured by camel-powered trade caravans. The accuracy of the “Geographica” book was unchallenged for hundreds of ye… This discussion on Father of geography ? The geographer was born in 1100 AD in Ceuta, a town which was then under Almoravids, to a family that claimed to be direct descendants of Prophet Muhammad. The Ancient Calculator - Eratosthenes of Cyrene (ancient Greek/Roman city on Med Sea coast of Libya today) created the study of geography at the Library of Alexandria What did Eratosthenes (using math & geometry & astronomy) contribute to geography & science? John Francon Williams (1854–1911) - author of The Geography of the Oceans . Eratosthenes is known as father of systematic geography, proposed the word 'Geography' first. Father of Indian Geography – James Rennell So, i hope that your confusion regarding the father of Geography is clear now. The father of geography is the very famous Eratosthenes who belonged to Greece and was known for his multi-talent in mathematics,his hobby of writing poetries and his love towards geography. Another founding father of the discipline of geography was Strabo, a 1st Century CE Greek scholar who lived in the Amaseia in modern-day Turkey. William Morris Davis (1850–1934) – father of American geography and developer of the cycle of erosion. 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