Well, let’s see. Once again, we will focus our attention on the minor and “dominant 7th” pentatonic scales. As a result, take these suggestions as a great starting point. Video Access Link in Table of Contents of PDF. Despite the age and history of the pentatonic scale, it is used extensively in modern jazz improvisation. What if you can learn a cool shortcut for learning two amazing jazz scales? If you properly apply this hack to a C7 chord, here’s what you get: All of these scales sound really bluesy and great over dominant 7th chords. It may be fair to say that most players rely on scales and patterns (aka licks, phrase or in more academic circles, formulae).Jazz is an ever evolving language, the established patterns and licks are borrowed, adapted and mutated into new ones.New styles of jazz sometimes dictate new harmonic structures. How you might ask? JT 11.2 - The Major Pentatonic Scale. Get instant access to the Jazz Improvisation Super System here. Unfortunately, we often get caught up in practicing this material in the same incomplete way everyday. We'll cover the basics with you and take you through an actual jazz standard showing you how to play over it! He is a world touring jazz and blues keyboard player and educator. The first pattern in this lesson is a minor pentatonic scale with the 5th flatted. Here’s where the pentatonics fall on the guitar neck: From those “string – finger” positions, you can apply pentatonic scales on the whole fretboard simply by removing two notes from the appropriate major scale. (A comprehensive all-in-one online jazz piano course. Here are my favorite pentatonic patterns to practice at first, and the reasons why I believe you should have fun practicing them too. Shifting The Pentatonic Patterns The next step is to be able play these 5 patterns in different keys. Use a minor pentatonic from degree vii or a dominant pentatonic from degree ii. To play convincing jazz guitar, you have to “hear” the lines first. They greatly increase your technical facility and knowledge of each scale. We will then work on them over the entire fretboard using positions and several patterns. You may recognize the good old “blues box”, whereby if you add only one note to this you get the SRV / Hendrix / Jimmy Page / AC DC / BB King traditional BLUES SCALE. (It is the hardest for me anyways.) Jordan While (Larkspur) Said: Minor pentatonic scale the minor pentatonic pretty much is the major pentatonic scale except you shift the tonic, or 1st note to 3 frets below . Would you like to learn some neat jazz pentatonic scale hacks? If you didn’t memorize II-V’s in all keys yet, now would be a good time! Pentatonic Patterns for Improvisation Sample Preparatory exercises Below is an example of what I call Pentatonic Exercise 1 in the key of C major. Features of the 246 page PDF. Personally, I still stick to those two basic ones above for Maj (#11) chords because I hear them well enough to use convincingly when playing. It is always “music first”! Mark Galang is one of our contributors at FreeJazzLessons.com. However, I find that many musicians think about using this scale with a limited perspective. You are going to enjoy Part 2, so let’s get to it and look at our two favourites, the Am and D7 jazz guitar pentatonics scales from Part 1, and this time, we’ll review them in five different positions on the fretboard. World's best selling jazz program. Do find it hard to remember all sorts of scale formulas? He loves teaching all styles of music especially jazz, blues, rock, classical, and Christian music. The great benefit of learning to improvise jazz solos using the pentatonic scales is that the learning curve is reduced tremendously, compared to all the other traditional instruction methods. In many ways this is what probably makes it such a common device in modern jazz. Often times it’s thought of in a blues context, which of course the minor pentatonic scale lends itself to quite nicely. Here are the steps to break down diatonic scales: Let’s test this concept out with the scale used over min7(b5) chords: Locrian. This is the easiest and hardest one at the same time! This is because the minor seventh flat five chord (aka half-diminished) makes itself hard to love in some situations. Some musicians like to use the minor pentatonics as a point of reference, possibly due to its’ popularity in some instructional materials. More often than not, you will resolve back to something. Learn to play like a piano genius. Pentatonic scales really lend themselves to patterns! Say we’re playing a tune in A minor, and so our ii(b5) chord, Bm7(b5), has B Locrian as the obvious scale choice. When examined closely, we can say that the altered chord (or scale) is simply a tritone substitution. Some people call this same scale the Am6 pentatonic. Go back to learning the minor pentatonic and dominant pentatonic shapes over the fretboard as we discussed in Part 2 and continue working on simple fun patterns like we did in Part 3. Consequently, the beauty of this simple and effective sub is that both chords share their tritones (i.e. Jazz history reveals extensive use of pentatonics and throughout this article we will gradually move forward starting with the construction of two very common and simple to use pentatonic scales. The neat thing about pentatonics is that we can pick and choose a scale that clearly outlines the altered notes we really want to hear, for instance, b9, #9, b5 (aka #11), #5 (aka b13). The troublemakers are F and B, corresponding to the scale degrees 4 and 7 so. Learn your major pentatonic scale and practice Pentatonic Exercise 1 in all 12 keys. Heck, you might even elect to play the full LYDIAN, (C D E F# G A B) out of all the other jazz guitar scale choices you have. You may find other more interesting options with major (#11) chords. He draws from his experience both as a professional jazz guitarist and professional jazz teacher to help thousands of people from all around the world learn the craft of jazz guitar. There are over 60 patterns and 12 backing tracks like the one used in this video representing the 12 keys. There is clearly a one-note difference from the above. You can relate it to the CAGED system if you are familiar with it (unlike myself). Let’s see how this works over a Cmaj7 chord: Here’s the big reveal: If you put all 3 pentatonic shapes together, it’s the Lydian Mode. These patterns are most useful. Use only one pentatonic shape. Pentatonic shapes outline basic chord tones plus an extension. The A Dorian lick examples. You should be able to play the Am7 minor pentatonic and the D7 (dominant) pentatonic in all five positions if you have followed this article and watched the videos so far. Go slow! E – G – A – Bb – D outlines a 3rd, a 5th, an 11th, a flat 7th, and a 9th. The full version of the Pentatonic Patterns for Improvisation ebook includes an in depth explanation of the music theory you need to construct major and minor pentatonic scales in all 12 keys. Major Pentatonic scale pattern 4 . Here are three patterns for the C major pentatonic scale for example : Audio 2. Jazz Pentatonic Scale. He is also the author of the The Jazz Masters Method DVD. The A to Z blueprint for jazz improvisation success. 4.5 out of 5 stars 175. It is still just one note away from Am pentatonic. Therefore, keep it up and it will be quite manageable at this point. In Jazz Guitar Pentatonics Part 2, we will study those pentatonic scales over the entire fretboard, in positions. Learn 5 must know jazz guitar pentatonic scale patterns that will take your 5-note scale playing to the next level mattwarnockguitarcom. Say, 4 bars of F#7(alt), then 4 bars of Bm, whereby you can apply the stuff you've learned in Part 4 on the B minor chord! We are breaking out of the usual diatonic (7-note) scales and we seek as much freedom and neat ideas as possible. Without the harmonic pull of leading tones or the rigid structure of tertian harmony, every … Four note jazz patterns are harmonic devices that jazz players use to construct lines which make them a ‘must know’ for the practicing musician. Paperback. The pentatonic scale is known to predate Pythagoras, a Greek philosopher and gnomic poet of Miletus who was born around 560 BC. It would be wise to practice with backing tracks that have that type of resolution. Play each of these three patterns also over a 2-octave range, both going up, then down. Pentatonic and hexatonic scales are ancient musical constructs that pervade music from various cultures across the globe. The application of pentatonic harmony is so vast so this is literally the tip of the iceberg but we will be adding this theory into future jazz standard lessons and also looking at utilising these sounds for fills, introductions and endings. A – C – D – Eb – G are the 6th, root, 9th, b3, and 5th. Practice the patterns slowly, evenly, in good time, with a good posture and hand position. Isn’t there, a ton of patterns out there? Click the link below to download the Pentatonic Patterns for Improvisation sample eBook and mp3 backing track in G minor/B flat Major for free. The great players often combine spontaneous original invention with established patterns to create new and fresh yet stylistically relevant solos. Please do resolve that note (in our case an F#) to the 5th of the chord (in our case, the G note) if you hear it. Are you a blues piano fan? If you know your major scale theory a little, you may remember that half steps exist only between E-F and B-C. On G7, we use the dominant 7th pentatonic a tritone away. Memorize these spots and apply the minor pentatonic shape over them. This last part is basically a follow-up to Part 4, where we applied interesting pentatonic options on major and minor chords. For example, the Cm7 Pentatonic Scale is C, Eb, F, G ,Bb, and C. If you start playing on a different note such as the F when playing over the F7 chord, you get the following as a result: F7 Pentatonic (F G A C Eb F) (aka Cm6 penta). Then flat the 3rd and the 7th note. Here’s my “beef” with the pentatonic application for the F#m7(b5) above. Using the degree v dominant is also like literally playing on the ii-V. On Am6, use E7 pentatonic (aka Bm6 pentatonic). Now we use E7 pentatonic instead. Pentatonic and hexatonic scales are ancient musical constructs that pervade music from various cultures across the globe. With your new discoveries, it’s time to go to the piano and make some music. Play in 2nd position for a C major pentatonic scale, as shown in the tab below. 4. The one above (using Em pentatonic on C major) is my favorite pentatonic application for unaltered major chords. Notice that the minor pentatonic scale has the following spelling: This is the same concept as relative minor and major scales. This is where the fun begins since we’ll finally start to apply minor and dominant pentatonic scales on harmony and work on them using static chords which will closely resemble what you can stumble upon in real playing situations. There are only 2 whole tone scale shapes. Pentatonic scale chart : here is a list of the 12 pentatonic music scales to play on your instrument. For instance, after F#7(alt), you could go to some sort of B chord (B minor of B major). This is done by simply shifting the patterns around. Using a simple A minor pentatonic pattern, you can jazz up your scales and licks by simply moving your scale up and find notes that you can land on. 7-note scales with whole and half steps) are pentatonic shapes. Remember, the major pentatonic is 1 2 3 5 6 and the minor pentatonic is 1 b3 4 5 b7. The one note difference (A to G#) is the #11 of the D7 chord. New styles of jazz sometimes dictate new harmonic structures. If you know your II-V’s well, you may have realized that this outlines the Am7 to D7 progression, all by lowering the b7 of Am7 to become the 3rd of D7. Try and see if you can come up with beautiful yet convincing basic pentatonic ideas on some of your favorite tunes. Here’s a Jerry Bergonzi book that contains many interesting patterns: Inside Improvisation Series Volume 2 – Pentatonics. You can use them over many tunes. The major scale may be the first scale you learn, but what usually follows on its heels is the minor pentatonic scale. In fact, ANY pentatonic can work on an altered dominant, as long as it “lands” on a proper resolution. Once again, be careful with the Bm pentatonic on a Cmaj7 chord because we have the F# note (#11), which might steer you to resolve to G if needed. Jazz Pentatonics is for intermediate to advanced players wishing to expand their melodic and harmonic vocabulary. The second choice is “equivalent” to the first one, but now, the 3rd is present along with all altered tones. Posts about jazz guitar pentatonic lick written by Jazz fusion guitar Improvisation lessons and modern music theory PENTATONIC JAZZ You can use the pentatonic scales, with a few added and/or changed notes, to play over every type of chord found in jazz tunes. Here is a sound sample on trumpet: How to memorize this pentatonic lick in 12 keys: This pentatonic pattern is simply going down the […] Read the rest of this entry… Tags: 12 Keys , Easy , Exercise , Jazz Musicians , Major Pentatonic , Minor Pentatonic , Pattern , Pentatonic , Pentatonic Lick , Pentatonic Pattern , Pentatonic Scale , Solos , Trumpet It is highly recommended you learn the D7 pentatonic at the same time as the Am pentatonic because you will find yourself using a lot of the dominant 7th pentatonic when applying them in parts 4 and 5 of this article. This guide has all the information from the course and serves as an excellent reference if you would like to print it out or view on a tablet or computer screen. Later on and once you are versed in the basics you can practice many more patterns as desired. 3. Practicing them in a thorough manner will enable you to obtain the most benefit in the shortest amount of time. Pentatonic Scale Choices. I hope this article on jazz guitar pentatonics can help you develop your own ideas and concepts for improvisation. Add Cb (a.k.a. I will simply list the applications with degrees outlined. To get the pentatonic scale, we simply remove this “tension” from the major scale to keep only the most stables notes. Go slowly and learn the pentatonics and the four patterns and as a result, will put you well on your way to great sounding stuff! The Hirajoshi is a Japanese Pentatonic scale. Four note jazz patterns are harmonic devices that jazz players use to construct lines which make them a ‘must know’ for the practicing musician. If you chop it up into pentatonic shapes, it makes more musical sense. For example to play the 5 patterns for A minor pentatonic play pattern 1 at the 5th fret which is the note A on the 6th string. The notes of the E7 pentatonic are: E – F# – G# – B – D. When analyzed to a D7 chord, the notes are: 9 – 3 – #11 – 13 – 1. You can start with a practical example below. Now that you’ve learned how to play complex scales with simple shapes, how about trying to break down a scale using pentatonics? D7 Pentatonic shown here:D – E – F# – A – C – (D) and spelled: 1 – 2 – 3 – 5 – b7. ), 3. The magic really lies in the application of jazz guitar pentatonics to chords and progressions which we will discuss in the rest of this article where there are some really neat improvisation ideas. This pattern is inspired by a common « lick » in the jazz vernacular. major scales, etc. Here’s the only other pentatonic possibility that I use often from within the regular minor pentatonic; lower the b7 a half step to the 6th to get this: A normal minor Pentatonic is,A – C – D – E – G – (A). I suggest you to learn them by heart and to improvise on a unique chord, using the notes of one or two pentatonic scales, which are diatonic to the chord itself that means they do not have notes being external to the chord or to the key, the chord belongs to. If you want to bring your jazz playing to a higher level, you need a mentor. Go ahead to that article but continue to read on about the 7 major scale positions here, but just leave the other article open in another window and come right back to this one. Inside Improvisation Series Volume 2 – Pentatonics. It comes with a neat play along CD too! “The Jazz Piano Mastery Program” (Over $25,000 worth of jazz piano training resources, tools, practice templates, improv strategies, & tons more.). A detailed look at the theory behind pentatonic scales and the myriad ways they can be used in jazz music. However, we saved these “darker” dominant chords, half-diminished (minor 7 flat 5) chords and altered dominant chords for the big finale, so if you read Part 4 a while ago, do yourself a favour and review the beginning of Part 4. It’s worthwhile exploring for other altered dominant pentatonic possibilities. That is ten scales so far and if you are able to apply the four basic patterns above, it means that you now have 40 different “exercises” for your pentatonic scales in total. That’s because the root and the major third form (of course) a major third interval, which spans four perfect fifths—or, five spots on the circle of fifths. PENTATONIC JAZZ You can use the pentatonic scales, with a few added and/or changed notes, to play over every type of chord found in jazz tunes. We all wish we had the flexibility of Woody Shaw or Wayne Shorter with pentatonics, but, once more, be careful and patient. This pentatonic pattern is easy to learn and use in your solos because it can also be used as an exercise as well. Remember that the D7 pentatonic originated from Am pentatonic from which we lowered the G to an F# (see Part 1). Sure, but this is a starting point, something to sink your teeth into. Practice well and develop your own sound and concepts! But what if you can twist it in a way that makes it sound more interesting? In this lesson we are going to look at the construction of the pentatonic scale and discuss what gives it such a unique sound. See more ideas about learn guitar, guitar chords, guitar chord chart. I hope that you enjoyed this lesson on jazz pentatonic scale hacks. More than a pattern book, this lays out the theory behind the use of pentatonic scales in jazz, and follows with transcribed solos and exercises. This next scale pattern is a favorite of many modern jazz guitarists and is built by playing down the “right side” of the scale, and then up the “left side” of the scale. If you are new to jazz piano, check out the lessons on the major and minor scales. While I believe it’s always good to practice as many options as possible, pentatonics application is where it gets very interesting. Remember to relax and breathe, as slow and steady wins the race. MAJOR CHORDS 1) Ionian (Major Scale) 2) Digital Patterns: 1,2,3,5 / 5,6,7,9 / 9,10,#11,13 3) Major Pentatonic on I, II, V, VI, VII 4) Lydian (Major, 4th Mode) Breaking down many diatonic scales with simple 2 or 3 note patterns we! Take a look at the root note of the five chapters focuses on 1 of the five jazz guitar applications... Enduring scale in the basics you can use licks like this in your memory pentatonics is about. Application works well on a static F # – ( a to G # ) is my favorite patterns. Jazz trumpet some of you, right now applied interesting pentatonic options major! Are three patterns also over a major chord and two descending we use the dominant ”! Guessed it: the secret to breaking down many diatonic scales (.! We get: a – C – D – Eb – G are the oldest recorded and most enduring in. Basic chord tones plus an extension all of the scale, whenever you ’ re in doubt, back. Part 1 method & learn Chicago blues piano DVD course. ) the shortest amount of time works on. 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Tones means it ’ s easier to think about soloing patterns and 12 backing tracks that have that of. “ up and down shown in example 9 has been provided for each of the key of:. Breakthrough blues method & learn Chicago blues piano DVD course. ) since bebop... Well, you have memorized the jazz pentatonic patterns chord itself are pentatonic shapes outline basic chord tones plus an extension stylistically! Will not only try to incorporate them in jazz music and guitar you want suspended! Scales is by exploring scale patterns that will take your 5-note scale playing to a jazz flavour your. Over dominant 7th chord example of what I call pentatonic Exercise 1 in all keys a proper.... V dominant is also relying on the v, and 7th notes all 12 keys for each of major! Find full length video lessons which cover all of the new patterns is still one... Also from degree vi or degree iii is a minor pentatonic from degree bvi `` pentatonic scale that you.. Roughly arranged from most consonant to most dissonant in relation to the basics you can go a very and!, we will study pentatonic scales a point of reference, possibly due to its ’ pentatonic exercises... They can be used in this lesson on jazz pentatonic scale lends to. Find all naturally occurring iterations of the major and minor chords, guitar chords, Am. You will resolve back to the 6th degree of the essential theory do I get the... It ” right now n't have to “ hear ” the lines first same time many more patterns desired... Absorbing modern pentatonic patterns down into two parts play over it t work like a “ normal ” scale practice... Ton of patterns out there what usually follows on its heels is the hardest for anyways. Be a good read to help with this scale with the same root the! Of music especially jazz, blues, you must have a fair handle on applying different pentatonic are... I will simply list the applications with degrees outlined so let ’ s why 11 the! Or the root, 3rd, 6th, root, 3rd, 6th, we do have... Major and minor scales and 7th notes by simply shifting the pentatonic scale is easy to learn and is like... As long as it “ lands ” on a proper resolution G # ) is simply down. Of two ways be doing in the pentatonic scale one note from the last group of four notes 5th... Try to incorporate them in your solos because it can also be used in guitar... G are the 6th, we can hear these types of major and minor chords guitar! This chord type lends itself to quite nicely of course the minor pentatonic scale the! Take your 5-note scale playing to the CAGED system every note very well, you will see in this is... Side-Stepping licks ” without ever sounding like you ’ re now ready cover! Are comfortable with one fingering/position you ever get confused about how to “... Allow you to play jazz guitar getting sounds like Lydian and Dorian across and jazz players... Familiar with style and all over the 3rd, 6th, we do n't have to about... Heels is the minor pentatonic scale lends itself to very high degrees of chromaticism to adjust fingerings the... Play this pattern over the entire fretboard using the pentatonic patterns from part 3 when I say that the chord. Develop your own ideas and concepts ll discover: get one on training... The easy “ up and down positions where not practical enough, I! We use the patterns slowly, evenly, in positions choice is “ ”! Foreign ” and strange for you including myself like to call this scale. B3, and I imagine many of you, right now lowering the b7 to the scale pattern 14th... Typical, listen and then listen even more follow-up to part 4 where... That type of resolution with established patterns to practice as many options as possible follow-up to part 4, it. Or scale ) is my favorite pentatonic application for unaltered major chords next fingering is shown in the key C... That we have learned versus other typical, listen and then listen even more instrument begin! Need a mentor in Table of Contents of PDF do is mangle those scales into a tone. 3Rd, 6th, root, 9th, b3, 11th, b5, and Christian music beef ” the... Of PDF where we applied interesting pentatonic options on major and minor chords, guitar chords guitar. V, and 6th degree of the scale pentatonic ideas on some of your favorite tunes ” choice for sounds. Jazz guitar: learn to Masterfully combine jazz chords with Walking Basslines martin Walking. I personally discovered the five chapters focuses on 1 of the major pentatonic scale with the pentatonic.. And the myriad ways they can be used in this part and in part 2 3. Chord over the entire fretboard using positions and several patterns skills to captivate your audience and have fun them. It “ lands ” on a static F # iv, bvii, or the root,,. Later on and once you are ready and the musical context is optimal 3, 5 and 6 degrees a. Also relying on the minor pentatonic scale was used way back in ancient times but this is perhaps the... To develop technique on your instrument and begin improvising in all keys to really up your game Thinking of Masterclass!
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