These inferior ovaries characterize the Bromelioideae, a subfamily of the Bromeliaceae. 9 sounds like Aechmea Weilbachii possibly – hard to say without a picture though! Only one bromeliad, the pineapple (Ananas comosus), is a commercially important food crop. / 2 / 2. In the 19th century, breeders in Belgium, France and the Netherlands started hybridizing plants for wholesale trade. is this correct?  They can be found at altitudes from sea level to 4200 meters, from rainforests to deserts. They grow in soil or on rocks and do not have a leaf rosette that traps water. Some species produce fragrant flowers. Varieties may have leaves with red, yellow, white and cream variations. The bromeliads commonly sold at garden centers have colorful, long-lasting flower displays and/or brilliantly-colored foliage (Figures 1 and 2). i have 3 plants one looks great the other 2 are turning brown on the top and tips.  The family includes both epiphytes, such as Spanish moss (Tillandsia usneoides), and terrestrial species, such as the pineapple (Ananas comosus). 1814 species are epiphytes, some are lithophytes, and some are terrestrial. 3rd ed. , Lindmanioideae is the next most basal branch distinguished from the other subfamilies by convolute sepals and chloroplast DNA. (left) Bromeliad Garden in Thailand . "Fosters Favorite," which is a lower growing plant with reddish leaves. López, L. C. S., Alves, R. R. D. N., & Ríos, R. I. The temps were about 100 this past week and I keep a ceiling fan going almost all of the time for my orchids and ferns. Related to the pineapple, there are more than 3,000 known species of bromeliads categorized in about 75 genera, of which many are highly prized indoor specimens.  Bromeliads also use crassulacean acid metabolism (CAM) photosynthesis to create sugars. The bromeliad family (Bromeliaceae) consists of 51 genera and about 1,500 strictly American species. The type species is B. karatas Bulletin scientifique de la France et de la Belgique 5: 215-360. undulated leaf margin means: The leaf margin appears wavy in a three-dimensional sense; the waves are perpendicular to the plane of the leaf. Scape-bracts spreading toward apex, vinaceous beneath, green and lepidote above, the lower imbricate, subtriangular, long-acuminate, 8 cm long, 6 cm wide, the upper much smaller, short-acuminate, shorter than the internodes. There are more than 2,700 species of bromeliads. Many other bromeliads are popular ornamental plants, grown as both garden and houseplants. These new conditions directly drove the speciation of the Tillandsioides, and also drove the speciation of their animal pollinators, such as hummingbirds.. Bromeliads come in an unbelievable variety of colors; some are nearly fluorescent, and many are unique among the plant kingdom. Since then, Dutch, Belgian and North American nurseries have greatly expanded bromeliad production. They’re hardy, provide year-round interest with their mottled, striped and patterned foliage, and have long-lasting blooms available in flaming reds, bubblegum pinks and sunshine yellows. The plants experienced a resurgence of popularity after World War II. And, the remaining members are terrestrial, growing in soil. Other kinds of bromeliads. Bromelia is the type genus of the plant family Bromeliaceae, subfamily Bromelioideae. André, Édouard François. Many thanks, Judy.  These bromeliad invertebrates benefit their hosts by increasing nitrogen uptake into the plant. (2012). Could you please help me out? Submit your photo to be featured on the blog! The Plants Database includes the following 3 species of Bromelia .Click below on a thumbnail map or name for species profiles. Les broméliacées épiphytes considérées comme milieu biologique.  Some bromeliads have also developed an adaptation known as the tank habit, which involves them forming a tightly bound structure with their leaves that helps to capture water and nutrients in the absence of a well-developed root system. Their colourful bracts last several months, making them ideal house plants, … "Blue Tango" features narrow, light green leaves with a spectacular blue flower bract. Consequently they have been on my south facing porch, in full sun – until about noon, and seem to be surviving and not showing any cries for help. Bromeliads are considered either terrestrial (growing on the ground in soil) or epiphytic (growing on trees, rocks or other supports), and Guzmanias are epiphytes. Many exotic varieties were produced until World War I, which halted breeding programs and led to the loss of some species. Posting No. Bromeliads in this genus have thin, glossy, strap-like, smooth-edged leaves which form a water-holding rosette. Its about 10 inches tall now. There were 2 on my undeveloped property, 30 years ago, and still propagating. Paris: Librairie Agricole; G. Masson, 1889, List of foliage plant diseases (Bromeliaceae), "Puya Raimondii - World's Largest Bromeliad", "Insects and allies associated with bromeliads: a review", "Phylogeny, Adaptive Radiation, and Historical Biogeography of Bromeliaceae Inferred from ndhF Sequence Data", "Phylogeny, adaptive radiation, and historical biogeography in Bromeliaceae: insights from an eight-locus plastid phylogeny", "Tempo and mode of hummingbird evolution", "Amazonia Through Time: Andean Uplift, Climate Change, Landscape Evolution, and Biodiversity", "Examination of subfamilial phylogeny in Bromeliaceae using comparative sequencing of the plastid locus ndhF", "Genetics, evolution and conservation of Bromeliaceae", "Multiple origins of crassulacean acid metabolism and the epiphytic habit in the Neotropical family Bromeliaceae", "Bromeliads: Traditional Plant Food in Latin America Since pre-Hispanic Times", Palm trees, small palms, Cycads, Bromeliads and tropical plants, An Alphabetical List of Bromeliad Binomials, Eleventh Edition. Bromeliads often come with their amazing flowers in bloom.  However, molecular evidence has revealed that while Bromelioideae and Tillandsioideae are monophyletic, Pitcairnioideae is, in fact, paraphyletic and should be split into six subfamilies: Brocchinioideae, Lindmanioideae, Hechtioideae, Navioideae, Pitcairnioideae, and Puyoideae. These baby bromeliads require the same care as the parent plant. Fascicularia is the only bromeliad that can be grown in frosty areas. A study of 209 plants from the Ecuadorian lowlands identified 11,219 animals, representing more than 300 distinct species, many of which are found only on bromeliads. Learn how to care for your Hechtia bromeliad with this quick and easy informational guide. 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