Cardamine impatiens is a ANNUAL/BIENNIAL growing to 0.6 m (2ft). Common Names: Narrowleaf Bittercress, Narrow-leaved Bittercress, Bushy rock-cressScientific name: Cardamine impatiens L.Related species: C. pectinata Pall. Edible Autumn Spring Summer Winter View Full Size Image. Multiple small flowers with 4 white petals produce slender seedpods (siliques) from May to September. Hairy bittercress - Cardamine hirsuta Edible plant - novice Other common names: Hoary Bittercress, Flick Weed, Lamb's Cress, Hot Weed, Spring Cress Scientific name meaning: The greek word Kardamon, which means "cress-like", is the origin of the genus name Cardamine. Hairy bittercress (Cardamine hirsuta) leafs out in a basal rosette, and like other members of the mustard family (Brassicaceae), its tender greens are edible. Photo by Jeremy Aaron. Plants with flowers and/or seedheads should be bagged and disposed. The genus Tamarindus is monotypic, meaning that it contains only this species. 711 TTY, © Copyright 2020 Minnesota Department of Agriculture, Farm, Property, Real Estate Listing (MN FarmLink), Agriculture Chemical Response & Reimbursement Account, Agricultural Best Management Practices (AgBMP) Loan, Agricultural Growth, Research & Innovation (AGRI) Program, Sustainable Agriculture Demonstration (AGRI), More Business Development, Loans, Grants Topics, Minnesota Ag Water Quality Certification Program, Certified Testing Laboratories (soil & manure), Fertilizer Tonnage Reporting & Inspection Fees, Pesticide Dealer Licensing & Sales Reporting, Rosette leaflet (left) is different from mature leaflet (right), local University of Minnesota Extension agent, Narrowleaf bittercress lifecycle and treatment timing graphic. Narrow-leaf Bittercress may resemble some other Cardamine species, most notably Pennsylvania Bittercress, but the latter has larger and better defined flowers while the former has the distinct auricles at the leaf base. It is native to most of Canada and North America. Being in the brassica family bittercress has many health benefits. Leaves and stems are hairless. Failure to comply may result in enforcement action by the county or local municipality. Health benefits; 1)Slows down aging process. Copy and print the QR code to a plant label, poster, book, website, magazines, newspaper etc and even t-shirts. Narrowleaf bittercress outcompetes desirable vegetation which may result in decreased species diversity and habitat quality. Countries where the plant has been found are listed here if the information is available . For more information about QR Codes click here. What you may not realize as you’re hoeing or pulling weeds, is that although it may look like just another stubborn invader, hairy bittercress … Bittercress plants bear white, pink, or pale purple four-petaled flowers in a terminal cluster and produce dry fruits known as siliques. Commonly, narrowleaf bittercress is found in forested floodplains and along rivers and streams in both its native and naturalized ranges. Narrowleaf bittercress is found in forested areas and along rivers. Spring Cress, Little western bittercress, Umbel bittercress, American Water Cress, American bittercress. If you have questions about a plant please use the Forum on this website as we do not have the resources to answer questions ourselves. 3. 2. The first report in Minnesota was in 2008. Prohibited. The stem is erect and glabrous. It is a slender, biennial herb, that produces sterile leaves in the first year, one to several flowering stems during the next. Narrowleaf bittercress proliferates and spreads very quickly, provoking apprehension that it may prove highly invasive. This plant can be weedy or invasive according to the authoritative sources noted below.This plant may be known by one or more common names in different places, and some are listed above. Saint Paul, MN 55155-2538, Phone: 651-201-6000 You will receive a range of benefits including: By 2009, multiple discrete infestations were reported in several counties. This is a new exotic species in Minnesota, and highly invasive. Following guidelines for controlling other biennial mustards such as garlic mustard. Seeds can also be moved by human, animals, and vehicles. Shade: F = full shade S = semi-shade N = no shade. Minnesota Noxious Weed Law. You may know it by a number of different names such as hoary bittercress, land cress, lamb’s cress, flick weed, snapweed or shot weed. The narrowleaf bittercress was unfortunately just starting to show itself, and the few we did find were so small they were difficult to spot and pull. Click on an acronym to view each weed list, or click here for a composite list of Weeds of the U.S. STATE: Assorted authors. Fruit reddish, globular. Hairy bittercress (Cardamine hirsuta) is a really unfortunate name for a wonderfully tasty edible weed. State noxious weed lists for 46 states. There’s a good chance that hairy bittercress (Cardamine hirsuta) may be growing among your garden weeds or between sidewalk cracks. The Project is directed at enabling designers of ‘carbon farms’ and ‘food forests’: agroecosystems of perennial plants, to choose the most appropriate plants for their requirements and site conditions. Weed Potential. Narrowleaf bittercress is on the Control noxious weed list meaning you must prevent the spread of this plant. Improving the overall vegetation quality and diversity may reduce the dominance of narrowleaf bittercress. narrowleaf bittercress, also: narrow-leaved bitter-cress - das Spring-Schaumkraut, wiss. Please donate to support our ‘Plants to Save the Planet’ Project. Prefers a moist humus rich soil in shade or semi-shade. Bittercress Cardamine hirsuta I love this little compact, rosette shaped annual with lobed leaves, small white flowers and upright seed pods that explode, flinging the seeds far and wide when ripe and you touch them, hence one of its names ‘shot weed or ‘flick weed’. Narrowleaf bittercress is established in New England. Narrowleaf bittercress, Cardamine impatiens, can grow up to 2 feet tall and is apart of the mustard family along with garlic mustard and dame’s rocket. Cardamine impatiens, the narrowleaf bittercress or narrow-leaved bitter-cress, is a plant species in the genus Cardamine of the family Brassicaceae. Stay informed about PFAFs progress, challenges and hopes by signing up for our free email ePost. Cardamine basisagittata W.T.Wang. http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/User:Sarefo. Bittercress is a mustard, so its bitterness is more spicy-hot than bitter, though it’s not nearly as hot as some other members of the Brassicaceae family. Efforts must be made to prevent seed maturation and dispersal of plants into new areas. narrowleaf bittercress Taxonomic Tree; Domain: Eukaryota Kingdom: Plantae Phylum: Spermatophyta Subphylum: Angiospermae Class: Dicotyledonae; There are no pictures available for this datasheet If you can supply pictures for this datasheet please contact: Compendia CAB International Wallingford Oxfordshire OX10 8DE UK firstname.lastname@example.org. Studies of narrowleaf bittercress in its native range indicate that plant competition may reduce colonies to a few plants. According to the MN Dept. Baby narrowleaf bittercress. Tamarind (Tamarindus indica) is a leguminous tree (family Fabaceae) bearing edible fruit that is indigenous to tropical Africa. If you have important information about this plant that may help other users please add a comment or link below. Plants are in families and it looked like a lot of wild edible plants in the Brassica family, or Cruciferae: Scrawny, leggy, skinny little leaves, minute four-petaled flowers, seeds in a pod on stems, peppery leaves. It is also found along roadsides, in vacant lots and in backyard gardens. Cardamine is a large genus of flowering plants in the mustard family, Brassicaceae, known as bittercresses and toothworts.It contains more than 200 species of annuals and perennials. Our new book to be released soon is Edible Shrubs. Book titles include Edible Plants, Edible Perennials, Edible Trees, and Woodland Gardening. Bittercress is an often overlooked wild edible, but the herby flavor can add some spice to any type of food. This plant can be weedy or invasive. narrowleaf bittercress. You are being redirected to the DCNR eLibrary. Toll Free: 800-967-2474 They have been selected to provide a mix of different plant sizes and growing conditions. Bittercress (Cardamine pensylvanica) is a weed that grows from a few inches tall up to two feet tall. It’s a shrubs to about five feet, stems brown, scaly when young. Plants For A Future can not take any responsibility for any adverse effects from the use of plants. For all management options, infestation sites will need to be monitored and treated repeatedly until the seedbanks are depleted. QR Codes are barcodes that can be read by mobile phone (smartphone) cameras. The recommendation for narrow leaf bittercress was based upon this literature review [PDF] developed by the department. When narrow-leaf bittercress occurs as a biennial, the first year’s growth is a basal rosette of leaves. Rapidly invading forested areas along rivers in eastern Minnesota, narrowleaf bittercress is raising concerns about its invasive potential. More >>>, Cardamine apetala Moench. It is an invasive that was introduced from Europe as a vegetable green and a medicinal plant. Noxious Weed Information: Connecticut It contains glucosinolates which are known to help remove carcinogens from the body. Monitor waterways carefully for this species. Smartphone users quickly have information on a plant directly for the pfaf.org website on their phone. Moisture: D = dry M = Moist We = wet Wa = water. We are working on a subset of plants in the PFAF database identified as having the most potential for inclusion in such designs. It flowers quite early in the Spring until the Autumn. Countries where the plant has been found are listed here if the information is available. Ex DC. The “hairy” in its name is derived from the tiny “hairs” on its leaves and stems. Massachusetts Doc ID: 1738703 Doc Name: narrowleaf bittercress.pdf; Error Message: document.write(s); This is a QR code (short for Quick Response) which gives fast-track access to our website pages. It is not known how narrowleaf bittercress was introduced to North America from Eurasia. Most provide delicious and nutritious fruit, but many also have edible leaves, seeds, flowers, stems or roots, or they yield edible or useful oil. The first time I saw Bittercress I knew it had to be an edible. The experience of other states with this species provides a basis for concern. Data Source and References for Cardamine impatiens (narrowleaf bittercress) from the USDA PLANTS database The basal leaves of the plant are deeply divided into three to eleven leaflets. Most infestations are located adjacent to either the St. Croix or Mississippi River. They have been selected to provide a mix of different plant sizes and growing conditions. pH: A = acid N = neutral B = basic (alkaline). 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