Pyongyang is the country's capital and largest city. [64] For almost two decades after the war, the two states did not seek to negotiate with one another. [219] The State Security Department was separated from the MPS in 1973 to conduct domestic and foreign intelligence, counterintelligence and manage the political prison system. [409] Western productions are only available at private showings to high-ranking Party members,[410] although the 1997 film Titanic is frequently shown to university students as an example of Western culture. [380] On 19 September 2016, a TLDR project noticed the North Korean Internet DNS data and top-level domain was left open which allowed global DNS zone transfers. [211], According to Amnesty International, citizens in North Korea are denied freedom of movement including the right to leave the country[212] at will and its government denies access to international human rights observers. [24] A 2014 UN inquiry into human rights in North Korea concluded that, "The gravity, scale and nature of these violations reveal a state that does not have any parallel in the contemporary world". "Democratic People's Republic of Korea" in. An adequate nationwide fiber-optic telephone system with 1.18 million fixed lines[374] and expanding mobile coverage is in place. [388], Visual arts are generally produced in the esthetics of Socialist realism. [102] In addition to the constitution, North Korea is governed by the Ten Principles for the Establishment of a Monolithic Ideological System (also known as the "Ten Principles of the One-Ideology System") which establishes standards for governance and a guide for the behaviors of North Koreans. [154], North Korea joined the United Nations in 1991 together with South Korea. All of the Korean Peninsula's mountains with elevations of 2,000 meters (6,600 ft) or more are located in North Korea. People's Rep., Low income, Middle income | Data", "Democratic People's Republic of Korea: WHO statistical profile", "Physicians (per 1,000 people) - Low income, Korea, Dem. 2-Letter Country Name Abbreviations. Keep in mind that the abbreviation of NK is widely used in industries like banking, computing, educational, finance, governmental, and health. "[29][30] The government, however, admitted some human rights issues related to living conditions and stated that it is working to improve them. [141], Claims that the dynasty has been deified are contested by North Korea researcher B. R. Myers: "Divine powers have never been attributed to either of the two Kims. Portraits and sculptures depicting Kim Il-sung, Kim Jong-il and Kim Jong-un are classed as "Number One works". [325] Iron ore and coal production are among the few sectors where North Korea performs significantly better than its southern neighbor—it produces about 10 times larger amounts of each resource. (book review of 'Kim Il-song's North Korea' by Helen-Louise Hunter). The two successfully lobbied Joseph Stalin to support a quick war against the South, which culminated in the outbreak of the Korean War. [422], Korean cuisine has evolved through centuries of social and political change. Web. First Vice Chairman of State Affairs Commission, Vice Chairman of State Affairs Commission, Democratic Front for the Reunification of the Fatherland, country with the highest number of military and paramilitary personnel, Provisional People's Committee for North Korea, Ten Principles for the Establishment of a Monolithic Ideological System, Supreme Commander of the Korean People's Army, On Eliminating Dogmatism and Formalism and Establishing Juche in Ideological Work, General Secretary of the Communist Party of China, The kidnapping of at least 13 Japanese citizens, International Coalition to Stop Crimes Against Humanity in North Korea, North Korea and weapons of mass destruction, largest military institution in the world, Central Military Commission of the Workers' Party of Korea, sanctioned under United Nations Security Council resolutions, North–South differences in the Korean language, Central Bank of the Democratic People's Republic of Korea, National Aerospace Development Administration, Chairman of the Central Military Commission, "Kim Jong Un's North Korea: Life inside the totalitarian state", United Nations Department of Economic and Social Affairs, "DPR Korea 2008 Population Census National Report", "National Accounts Main Aggregate Database", "North Korean Economy Watch » GDP statistics", "North Korea Accidentally Reveals It Only Has 28 Websites", "North Korea's nuclear 'deal' leaves Japan feeling nervous", "North Korea Says It Is Using Plutonium to Make A-Bombs", "Report of the Commission of Inquiry on Human Rights in the Democratic People's Republic of Korea, Chapter VII. [259], Most graduates from the compulsory program do not attend university but begin their obligatory military service or proceed to work in farms or factories instead. [174] Inter-Korean relations are at the core of North Korean diplomacy and have seen numerous shifts in the last few decades. [165], North Korea was previously designated a state sponsor of terrorism[166] because of its alleged involvement in the 1983 Rangoon bombing and the 1987 bombing of a South Korean airliner. North Korea rejects peace talks with South Korea " South Korea is a very wealthy nation that now feels an obligation to contribute to the military defense provided by the United States of America," Trump wrote, saying, "The relationship between the two countries is a very good one!" Definition Removed By The North Korean Government. Women assume they can not do anything about it. After the Japanese surrender at the end of World War II in 1945, the Korean Peninsula was divided into two zones along the 38th parallel, with the northern half of the peninsula occupied by the Soviet Union and the southern half by the United States. [216] Political prisoners are sent to labor camps, while criminal offenders are incarcerated in a separate system. Nobody is homeless or beggi… Early European visitors to Korea remarked that the country resembled "a sea in a heavy gale" because of the many successive mountain ranges that crisscross the peninsula. These efforts are under much international dispute due to their military applications and concerns about safety. Negotiations on reunification failed. In 2013, this lineage was made explicit when Clause 2 of Article 10 of the newly edited Ten Fundamental Principles of the Korean Workers' Party stated that the party and revolution must be carried "eternally" by the "Mount Paektu Bloodline". [434] Weightlifter Kim Un-guk broke the world record of the Men's 62 kg category at the 2012 Summer Olympics in London. In January 2018, estimates of North Korea's nuclear arsenal ranged between 15 and 60 bombs, probably including hydrogen bombs. Critics believe that the real purpose of the launch was to test a ballistic missile. [150], The extent of the cult of personality surrounding Kim Jong-il and Kim Il-sung was illustrated on 11 June 2012 when a 14-year-old North Korean schoolgirl drowned while attempting to rescue portraits of the two from a flood. [411] Access to foreign media products is available through smuggled DVDs and television or radio broadcasts in border areas. [386][395] More than four million literary works were published between the 1980s and the early 2000s, but almost all of them belong to a narrow variety of political genres like "army-first revolutionary literature". [415] Freedom of the press in 2017 was 180th out of 180 countries in Reporters Without Borders' annual Press Freedom Index. [52] Approximately 3 million people died in the Korean War, with a higher proportional civilian death toll than World War II or the Vietnam War, making it perhaps the deadliest conflict of the Cold War-era. Abbr. [353] Eighty-two airports[354] and 23 helipads[355] are operational and the largest serve the state-run airline, Air Koryo. [352] Only 2% of the freight capacity is supported by river and sea transport, and air traffic is negligible. Koreans were forced to learn and speak Japanese, adopt the Japanese family name system and Shinto religion, and were forbidden to write or speak the Korean language in schools, businesses, or public places. If you are visiting our non-English version and want to see the English version of North Korea, please scroll down to the bottom and you will see the meaning of North Korea in English language. An agreement was signed between the two countries endorsing the 2017 Panmunjom Declaration signed by North and South Korea, pledging to work towards denuclearizing the Korean Peninsula. There are 63 burial mounds in the tomb group, with clear murals preserved. [268] The three major causes of death in North Korea are stroke, COPD and Ischaemic heart disease. We're doing our best to make sure our content is useful, accurate and safe.If by any chance you spot an inappropriate comment while navigating through our website please use this form to let us know, and we'll take care of it shortly. Country-specific domains ending with .kp, e.g. [343][344] Coal accounts for 70% of primary energy production, followed by hydroelectric power with 17%. STANDS4 LLC, 2020. [152] Initially, North Korea had diplomatic ties only with other communist countries, and even today, most of the foreign embassies accredited to North Korea are located in Beijing rather than in Pyongyang. Stories like Kim Jong-un undergoing surgery to look like his grandfather, executing his ex-girlfriend or feeding his uncle to a pack of hungry dogs have been circulated by foreign media as truth despite the lack of a credible source. [218] It handles other aspects of domestic security like civil registration, traffic control, fire departments and railroad security. According to article 3 of the constitution of the DPRK, Juche is the North Korean official ideology. All 12 major newspapers and 20 periodicals, including Rodong Sinmun, are published in the capital. Legislative power is held by the unicameral Supreme People's Assembly (SPA). [292][293] Chondoism ("Heavenly Way") is an indigenous syncretic belief combining elements of Korean shamanism, Buddhism, Taoism and Catholicism that is officially represented by the WPK-controlled Chondoist Chongu Party. Kim Il-sung died of a heart attack in 1994, with Kim Jong-il declaring a three-year period of national mourning before officially announcing his position as the new leader afterwards. [224] Security forces employ mass surveillance. [154] However, owing to the human rights and political situation, North Korea does not have diplomatic relations with Argentina, Botswana,[159] Estonia, France,[160] Iraq, Israel, Japan, Taiwan,[161] and the United States. I made this country name abbreviation list because, simply, I got tired of doing a search for one the infrequent times I needed it. "Reactionary" elements from traditional culture have been discarded and cultural forms with a "folk" spirit have been reintroduced. An ordinary passport is a single passport which, after being granted special permission, is handed out to North Koreans who visit foreign countries for official reasons, i.e., sports and academic competitions, business trips. People's Rep., Korea, Rep., Low income, High income | Data", "Maternal mortality ratio (modeled estimate, per 100,000 live births) - Korea, Dem. [63], The relative peace between the South and the North following the armistice was interrupted by border skirmishes, celebrity abductions, and assassination attempts. ISO-3166 Alpha-2. [345] The government under Kim Jong-un has increased emphasis on renewable energy projects like wind farms, solar parks, solar heating and biomass. [399] Improved relations with South Korea following the 2000 inter-Korean summit caused a decline in direct ideological messages in pop songs, but themes like comradeship, nostalgia and the construction of a powerful country remained. [220] Camp 15 in Yodok[221] and Camp 18 in Bukchang[222] have been described in detailed testimonies. North Korea, Inc. Coordinates: .mw-parser-output .geo-default,.mw-parser-output .geo-dms,.mw-parser-output .geo-dec{display:inline}.mw-parser-output .geo-nondefault,.mw-parser-output .geo-multi-punct{display:none}.mw-parser-output .longitude,.mw-parser-output .latitude{white-space:nowrap}40°N 127°E / 40°N 127°E / 40; 127. [72] However, by the 1980s, the economy had begun to stagnate; it started its long decline in 1987 and almost completely collapsed after the dissolution of the Soviet Union in 1991, when all Soviet aid was suddenly halted. "North Korea." [175] On 10 October 1980, then North Korean president Kim Il-sung proposed a federation between North and South Korea named the Democratic Federal Republic of Korea in which the respective political systems would initially remain. [367][368] It joined the Outer Space Treaty in 2009[369] and has stated its intentions to undertake crewed and Moon missions. [156][157] The relations were strained in the last few years because of China's concerns about North Korea's nuclear program. North Korea, Democratic People's Republic of Korea, D.P.R.K., DPRK (noun) a communist country in the northern half of the Korean Peninsula; established in 1948. see more ». His birthday is one of the most important public holidays in the country. [266] An 11-year free, compulsory cycle of primary and secondary education is provided in more than 27,000 nursery schools, 14,000 kindergartens, 4,800 four-year primary and 4,700 six-year secondary schools. [217], The Ministry of People's Security (MPS) maintains most law enforcement activities. [280], The 2008 census listed the entire population as literate. [371][372][373] A statement broadcast on Korean Central Television said that a new Earth observation satellite, Kwangmyongsong-4, had successfully been put into orbit less than 10 minutes after lift-off from the Sohae space center in North Phyongan province. [301], While some analysts believe private commerce recently changed the Songbun system to some extent,[302] most North Korean refugees say it remains a commanding presence in everyday life. [252] The U.S. State Department has estimated that North Korea's military spending averaged 23% of its GDP from 2004 to 2014, the highest level in the world. [412] Western films like The Interview, Titanic, and Charlie's Angels are just a few films that have been smuggled across the borders of North Korea, allowing for access to the North Korean citizens. [330] North Korea has been aiming to increase the number of foreign visitors through projects like the Masikryong Ski Resort. 341 ], the Ministry of Post and Telecommunications the most worthless country. Causes of death in North Korea, although their engineers require additional and... 334 ] Initially four such zones existed, but religions are restricted, and nuclear Brinksmanship control the... 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