Furthermore, Psalm 118 is also marked by a remarkable number of striking repetitions.5 To name but one important example, the divine name Yahweh is repeated twenty-two times in Psalm 118, which underscores its theocentric character. Let us, therefore, confess our sins that we may be renewed in his grace. The Exodus (and Passover) pictured God’s redemption of His people, not just physically from slavery, but spiritually from sin. Through both the rejection-rehabilitation motif in the stone metaphor of verse 22 and the role of Psalm 24:5 (“he will receive blessing from the Lord”) as an entrance liturgy, we infer that the benediction in verse 26 acknowledges the king’s triumphant victory over his enemies as a divine vindication of the king’s position. RL Rejoice in the Lord (Reformed Church in America; W.B. Do not destroy yourself with your own thoughts by worrying…Say to and set me in a broad place. Continue exploring these topics on PreachingandWorship.org, a search engine designed for thoughtful Christian preachers, teachers, and leaders. As Christians we step into the new year with faith and confidence, knowing our God has been faithful in the past and promises to remain so. The first “song sheet” was the “Psalms of going up to Jerusalem” – called the “Psalms of Ascent” in the old English versions (found in Psalm 120-134 in most editions). A Psalm that specifically mentions the love of God is Psalm 118. Rendez a Dieu. Because of the length of Psalm 118 and because it contains multiple themes that are important for Holy Week, a sermon on Psalm 118 for Palm Sunday should probably focus on verses 19-29.66 The sermon could then focus on the worshipers’ response to the king’s recital of the wondrous victory that he received from God over his enemies. In his sermon on Psalm 118:19-29 Walter Brueggemann also centers his attention on the congregation’s prayer in verse 25. (Psalms 32, 44, 52, and 78 are examples.) 3. 10-13). At least three major themes are woven through these 150 psalms: God and His Rule: Both Psalms and Proverbs were written as Hebrew poetry. Bible Maps. Psalms 107-118 corpus but rather is the first psalm in the . Psalm 119 is the longest of the psalms and certainly the longest chapter in the Bible. It is a Psalm of celebration, and God, their faithful deliverer, is honored and praised. dire straits or tight spot. This series of worship As we noted above, in the Gospels the crowds also used this benediction in verse 26a as they greeted Jesus at his entry into Jerusalem on the occasion of the Passover. Ps 26:6; 43:4). It can be found in the Clarence Dickinson organ method book “The Technique and Art of Organ Playing” published by H. W. Grey GB 30 [1950] (D), An alternative harmonization for organ on the opening entrance hymn can be found in: Several Psalms show this attribute of God’s character: Psalms 3, 13, 18, 27, 30, 31, 43, 44, 71, and 118. 1 For this quotation I am indebted to Artur Weiser, Psalms: A Commentary, Old Testament Library, tr. You are my God and I will give you thanks; 67 Calvin, Psalms, 4:390-391. 37 For this form see Westermann, PLP, 102. WOV With One Voice (Augsburg Fortress). Master, you are our God, that, out of sheer grace earned for us by Christ, 43 Willem VanGemeren, “Psalms,” The Expositor’s Bible Commentary (Grand Rapids: Zondervan, 1991), 5: 735. 60 Rolf Jacobson, “The Costly Loss of Praise,” Theology Today 57 (2000): 377. To support this inference, we recall that Melchizedek’s pronouncement of the short formula “Blessed be” in Genesis 14:19 after Abram’s military victory also served as a public recognition of Abram’s important status. Moreover, various voices are heard in Psalm 118. (All Glory, Laud and Honor) (from Psalm 118), *Song of Entrance: "All Glory, Laud and Honor” PH 88, PsH 375/376, RL 279, SFL 161, TH 235, TWC 204, UMH 280 [seemusic notes]. Suggestions for prelude, based on the entrance hymn include: ST. THEODULPH / VALET WILL ICH DIR GEBEN/WIE SOLL ICH DICH EMPFANGEN [All Glory, Laud and Honor], Organ: Our help is in the name of the Lord who made heaven and earth. The godly man never tires of extolling the word. Linker, Janet. Once the king has gained entrance to the temple, he proceeds immediately in verse 21 to render the promised thanksgiving to the Lord: I will thank you 52 Josef Schabert, TDOT 2:284-285. Cf. Compassion is our only hope, Ferguson, John. Ps 106:1; 107:1; 136:1ff. To be sure, Psalm 118:8-9 emphasizes that it pays to take refuge in the Lord. Before we offer our suggestions on how to preach a sermon on Psalm 118 for this occasion, however, a word of caution and three introductory remarks on the function of praise in songs of thanksgiving are in order. In this solemn declaration the king confirms emphatically, on the one hand, the congregation’s affirmation in verse 27a and, on the other hand, his vow to praise in verse 21a. Suggestions for offertory music can be found in the following resources: VINEYARD HAVEN [“Lift Up Your Heads, O Gates”] New Settings of Twenty Well-Known Hymn Tunes. At any rate, along with verse 29, this opening call to praise introduces the theme of the psalm.14 As such, it underscores the fact that in essence all thanksgiving centers on God’s hesed as this manifests itself concretely in his powerful acts of deliverance. The theme of these verses is the everlasting nature of God’s lovingkindness or mercy. The obvious alternating voices in Psalm 118 raise the crucial question concerning the identity of the individual celebrant. Because we trust in God's covenant faithfulness, we are free to make our confession to God and call for his compassion. 46 For J. J. Petuchowski’s hypothesis that these petitions were a cry for rain and fertility expressed at the Feast of Tabernacles see: Kraus, Psalms 60-150, 400. However, taking refuge in the Lord does not automatically eliminate suffering from one’s life. The opening declaration in verse 6, “the Lord is with me, I do not fear” (Ps 23:4),17 reads like a response to an oracle of salvation, “Fear not, because I am with you” (Is 41:10).18 Moreover, the language of verse 6 echoes the expression of trust in Psalm 27:1-2, a lament psalm. The fact that the phrase “in the name of the Lord” occurs three times in verses 10-12 indicates that the king is included in the addressees. Amen. +because you answered me Fourth, an essential goal of psalms of thanksgiving is to teach important lessons of faith to the audience. Psalms Of Praise And Adoration: In these Psalms God's greatness, mercy, love, and power are the theme. Walter Brueggemann, “Psalm 118:19-29: Psalm for Palm Sunday,” No Other Foundation, 10 (1989-1990): 13-16. Then I called on the name of the LORD: “LORD, save me!” The LORD is gracious and righteous; our God is full of compassion. As Psalm 118 closed the traditional Jewish Passover service, many have suggested that it was the hymn that Jesus and His disciples sang before leaving the upper room (see Matthew 26:30), though we cannot be sure. By contrast, the closing prepositional phrase refers to a “broad place” (Ps 18:19; 31:8). Psalm 118 opens and closes with a conventional imperatival call to give thanks to the LORD (vs. 111), which, along with verse 29, frames the poem as a whole. The sages understood that Psalm 118, which is the culmination of the “Egyptian Hallel” was about the Messiah. Praise » Is due to God on account of » His mercy. For this reason Psalm 118 should be included in the liturgy for Palm Sunday. Yet we have sinned in every way imaginable. The Psalm continues with this, “O Lord, save us, O Lord, grant us success. 15 Westermann, PLP, 106. Significantly, this benediction is referred to again in Matthew 23:39 (cf. I also believe that true faith is not only a knowledge and conviction. magnify him for his benefits which he is daily heaping upon them.30. 12 For the reference to the house of Israel, house of Aaron and those that fear the LORD see: Ps 115:12-13 and 135:19-20. Literally it reads: “You really pushed me down, to fall.” In this case the Lord appears to be the subject. “This is the day that the LORD has made; let us rejoice and be glad in it!” (118:24). The first two clauses of verse 27 are a marvelous expression of trust: The Lord is El, 13 Stek, The NIV Study Bible, 905. Psalms of Praise are constructed around … Verse 5 contains a graphic description of the king’s distress and deliverance. Several different groups are enjoined to sing this little phrase, “The love of God endures forever.” We’re all to sing it in verse 1. An important lesson that the king communicates in Psalm 118 is the effectiveness of prayer to the Lord when in distress. This prayer is our last and only hope: 4. The procession, in chorus, sings Psalm 118:8-9, taking up the substance of Messiah's chant, and fully echoing the sentiment, "It is better to trust in the Lord than to put confidence in princes." (616) 526-6088 worship@calvin.edu, On the campus of Calvin University and Calvin Theological Seminary, See our related website, PreachingandWorship.org. *The Benediction with Congregational Amen! Biery, James. Third, the sermon should encourage the congregation to make the central confession of verse 27: “The Lord is El!” In fact, it should persuade each member of the congregation to personally appropriate this crucial profession of faith with the words of verse 28: You are my God (El), McCollin, Frances. The Lord is God, and he has made his light shine upon us. 1. 49 It should be noted that in Mt 27:49 passersby insulted Jesus, saying: “Save yourself!” The tone of Psalm 118 is joyful and trusting and seems to have been specifically composed for a service of thanksgiving. The first four verses of Psalm 118 are a preamble, in which the Psalmist tells us this is the day of God’s love. Psalm 118 is, therefore, the flipside of a lament psalm. 5-18) with those that address God directly in the second person (vv. Psalmfests, public festivals based on Psalms for All Seasons: A Complete Psalter for Worship, help worshipers cross boundaries of time and tradition, to explore the full spectrum of psalm singing. Hereafter cited as PLP. 61 Jacobson, “The Costly Loss of Praise,” 377. 53 Kraus, Psalms 60-150, 400. At Passover Psalm 118 was sung, together with Psalms 115-117, after the meal in connection with the fourth cup of wine. Ps 116:4. AUTHOR AND SUBJECT. You are my God (El), 57 Weiser (Psalms, 729) suggests that the speaker was a priest. Ethical Psalms: These psalms teach moral principles. The Conqueror alone again sings Psalm 118:10, Psalm 118:11, Psalm 118:12, Psalm 118:13, Psalm 118:14. 36 Weiser, Psalms, 728. A direct link should be established through the transitional comments and some of the themes of Psalm 118 should be picked up in songs and in prayers. Is 28:16; Jer 51:26. Because he turned his ear to me, I will call on him as long as I live. and he has made his light shine upon us. 6 Craig C. Broyles, Psalms, New International Biblical Commentary (Peabody: Hendrickson Publishers, Inc., 1999), 438. Agape 1230 [1986] This victory song begins in verse 14 with an exact quotation of Exodus 15:2 (cf. CPH 97-6851 [2000] Moreover, it seems to agree with the king’s recognition in verse 18 that the Lord had chastised him. This is clearly articulated in verse 5, in which the king recalls the fact that he cried out and that God heard and delivered him from the crisis at hand. Krapf, Gerhard. Sermon Notes and have been granted salvation. 65 For this quote see: Limburg, Psalms, 403. 47 It was used only once in John 12:13. Formally verses 10-12 are unified by the fourfold repetition of the phrase “encircled” and the triple refrain “but in the name of the Lord I cut them off” (cf. The Holy Day - Isaiah 58, Mark 2, HCLD 38 The family of the tribe of Levi, … “Hosanna, Loud Hosanna” PH 89, PsH 378, TWC 203, UMC 278, The Children Observe Palm Sunday [see liturgy notes]. This communal prayer consists of two short and powerful petitions, in which the congregation prays for deliverance: O Lord, please save us!44 Consequently, when believers experience such rejection, they can place their hope in the Lord’shesed and pray. In their response the worshipers interpret the significance of the king’s marvelous military victory: “This is from the Lord.” Moreover, they recognize that the Lord “has made his light shine upon” them (vs. 27) in the person of “the one who comes in the name of the Lord.” Consequently, a sermon on Psalm 118 from their perspective would facilitate the application of the text’s message for the contemporary audience. The 119th Psalm is a longest chapter in the whole Bible. Suite for Holy Week. We know that we don't deserve a hearing from you. The Jews sang the first two of those psalms before the Passover meal and the last four after the meal. 54 Cf. The Word of the Lord. 8, 19, 33, 65, 111, 104, 145, 147.: God the Redeemer. Psalm 118:8-9. From this beginning theme the psalmist gives reason for his praise of God's enduring and faithful love (verses 5-9). The Lord did not hand him over to death. Instead, the message of the psalm should inform the interpretation of Jesus’ entry into Jerusalem. praise does not occur in a vacuum. text. With these factors in mind, how then should one preach Psalm 118 for Palm Sunday? have helped me.1. A service plan focused on observing the Sabbath--an expression of our respect for and obedience to God, in a series on the Ten Commandments, as explained in the Heidelberg Catechism. 3. Hymn Harmonizations for Organ, bk. 2 Sam 14:4 and 2 Kings 6:26. Ps 146:3).21 In this didactic statement the king echoes what Psalms 2:12 and 34:8 have also asserted, namely, that the key to happiness is to take refuge in the Lord. 66 Cf. for you delivered your people from the land of Egypt Through Christ, your Lamb, our Lord. and I will exalt you. This urgent double supplication is unusual in a song of thanksgiving.45 Because these plaintive pleas contain no specific occasion,46 they serve to indicate the congregation’s recognition that they depend on the Lord for continued deliverance and success (Ps 1:3). 3. The predominant use of the first person singular throughout verses 5-18 suggests that these verses constitute the king’s personal testimony of his dire distress and marvelous deliverance. Augsburg 11-9292 38 Wilcock (Psalms 73-150, 190) suggests that the gatekeepers are the speakers. The sages understood that Psalm 118, which is the culmination of the “Egyptian Hallel” was about the Messiah. Ludwig O-05 [1975]. The unique congregational prayer in verse 25 is followed by a benediction in verse 26a that appears to have been pronounced by priests from “within the temple” (v. 26b): Blessed is he 7 Westermann, PLP, 105. services for Lent is built around a sampling of the Chantry Music Press [1960] (E-M) Psalm 119 is an expansion of Psalm 19:7–9: “The law of the LORD is perfect, reviving the soul. Available Content. Hamersma, John. Moreover, verse 17b echoes verse 5b (“he answered’), and verse 17c repeats verse 14b (“he has become my salvation”). In addition to this distinctive shift in modes of discourse, Psalm 118 is also unique because it alternates speeches that refer to God in the third person (e.g. It also makes it very clear that God is the Lord of everything. 17 Pss 56:9; 124:1-2; Rom 8:31. ... in fact, be said to be the theme of the entire psalm. Amen! They recognize that the Lord shone his face upon them, and that, as a result, they have experienced deliverance and blessing. Master, listen to us! Psalms 113-118 are recited verbatimby observant Jews on all Jewish holidays involving communal salvation, most especially Passover. Like Psalm 34:4, the “I cried—God answered—he delivered” theme underscores the effectiveness of prayer to God in times of dire distress (cf. Lk 13:35), in which it is clearly a future orientation. *Our Declaration of Trust and God's Greeting: and I will exalt you. 2. vv. Moreover, this Hebrew word is difficult to translate. And everyone who fears the Lord is to sing it in verse 4. 55 Weiser, Psalms, 729. 30 John Calvin, Commentary on the Book of Psalms, tr. Arrived at the temple gate, or rather, the gate of Jerusalem, the Conqueror alone sings, Psalms 118:5-7. 68 Brueggemann, “Psalm 118:19-29," 16. and I will thank you; Calvin Institute of Christian Worship A Remarkable Communal Testimony (vv. The cords of death entangled me, the anguish of the grave came over me; I was overcome by distress and sorrow. The theme of the verses is the prayer of one who delights in and lives by the Torah, the sacred law. Ps 30:2-3). The worship leader should reinforce the message the printed worship sheet aims to communicate; we are responding to God's word with our songs, our offerings, and our prayers. grave troubles, when neither emperor, kings, wise men, clever men, nor saints could 24 The Septuagint reads “blazed” instead of “extinguished.” This reading was adopted by the NRSV. 50 On the basis of 1 Kgs 9:6, Stek (NIV Study Bible, 923) also suggests that the plural is a plural of majesty. 3 John H. Stek, The NIV Study Bible: Fully Revised (Grand Rapids: Zondervan, 2002), 918. In fact, he claims that verses 19-29 are “a model for evangelical prayer” and that this prayer reflects the structure proposed by Karl Barth (Church Dogmatics, III, 3, 266-88).68 In concentric circles this prayer begins with praise (vv. Pss 4:6; 44:3; 67:1; 80:3, 7, 19; and 119:135. A New Creation (Calvin Institute of Christian Worship, Christian Reformed Church, Psalm 118 had a very important role during the Feast of Tabernacles and the Passover Feast. Give thanks to the Lord, for he is good; We've done evil things, rebelled, dodged "), Our Grateful Affirmation: Unfortunately, because the translation of this clause is problematic, the precise nature and meaning of this solemn liturgical act is subject to dispute.59 The Hebrew term chag, “feast,” could refer to a dance about the altar (cf. On the basis of 2 Samuel 6:18 and 1 Kings 8:55, 56, Gerhard S. Gerstenberger, for example, suggests that this benediction concludes the thanksgiving liturgy. RN Renew! Processional on "All Glory,Laud and Honor". It is unique because, in addition to the regular constituent parts of this type of psalm (vv. Eggert, John. Expand search to show all songs Refine Search Refine Results . 15; 24:3-6).33 At any rate, in verse 19 the speaker begins this section with a call to the gatekeepers to open “the gates34 of righteousness”35 for the thanksgiving procession so that he may give thanks to the Lord. On the basis of the Gospel of Christ, we may be assured that our sins are forgiven for the sake of Christ. 42 For “marvelous” in v. 23 see Ex 15:11 and for “the day the Lord has made” in v. 24 see also Ex 14:13. Surprisingly, the same God delivers the afflicted believer!25. 19-23). THE THEME OF PSALM 119 The theme of Psalm 119 is what the word of God is and does. In view of the retrospective statements, one may infer that verse 21 concludes the first part of the poem. Grace, mercy and peace to you Now Gaal the son of Ebed came with his relatives, and crossed over into Shechem; and the men of Shechem put their trust in him. Commission Publications) Another prominent theme in Psalm 119 is the profound truth that the Word of God is all-sufficient. Psalms was used in worship, while Proverbs was used in instruction in homes and royal courts. Psalm 118 does not name an author in its title, but there is reason to believe it was King David, the Sweet Psalmist of Israel. With Offerings: 39 Cf. It is better to take refuge in the LORD Than to trust in man. Psalm 118 closes with a personal declaration of worshipping God with praise (verse 28) and the same opening call to thank God for His goodness and … SNC Sing! You will find the information he has provided at the end of the worship service. 98 Songs with theme: Psalms. After this robust confession an unidentified speaker, perhaps a priest55 or a gatekeeper,56 commands the congregation to perform a liturgical act that is connected with the procession.57 Presumably this liturgical act would conclude the liturgy for a thank offering (Lev 7:11-21).58 However, the reference to “branches” in verse 27c could be an allusion to the Feast of Tabernacles (Lev 23:40). In powerful antithetic parallelism these verses specify the nature of the distress that was introduced in the summary statement of verse 5. Augsburg Keith R. Crim and Richard N. Soulen (Atlanta: John Knox Press, 1981), 102. In this Psalm the king and the people give thanks to God for his deliverance. Psalm 118, for example, shouts out clearly in verse 27, “The Lord is El,” not Marduk, Shemesh, Baal, or money and a particular way of life. have been made forever right with God, Apparently the versions and modern translations (NIV; NRSV) found the first part of this verse too offensive. However, the speakers could also be, as Michael Wilcock (The Message of Psalms 73-150: Songs for the People of God, The Bible Speaks Today [Downers Grove: InterVarsity Press, 2001], 2: 189) suggests, the congregation. Map Store; ... Theme - Give praise to the Lord Types and Shadows - In Psalms Jesus is the One worthy of all praise. Cf. Brothers and Sisters in Jesus Christ, who do you trust? (adapted from Daniel 9 in The Message). the compassion of you, the Master, our God, Reformed Church in America; Faith Alive Christian Resources) Vogel, William. • The second “song sheet” was the selection of our study for this lesson – the “Hallel Psalms” (found in Psalm 113 to 118). Its prominent use during the Passover may also explain its prevalent use in the Gospels because Jesus went up to Jerusalem during the Passover feast (John 12: 1, 12, 20). English (93) ... Psalm 118 - The Stone Rejected By The Builders. It is better to take refuge in the LORD Than to trust in princes. 6-7). Martin Luther, for example, considered it his favorite psalm. The Conqueror alone (Ps 118:28) next makes a solemn acknowledgment of gratitude and praise to Jehovah, and then, all being within the gates, the united body, triumphant procession, priests and Levites, end, as they commenced, O give thanks unto the LORD; for he is good: for his mercy endureth for ever. Moreover, in Acts 4:11 verse 22 is quoted in defense of Jesus’ resurrection. Verses 19-20 suggest a liturgical procession (Ps 68:24). The Call to Worship is constructed from selected verses of Psalm 118. 62 James Luther Mays, Psalms, Interpretation: A Bible Commentary for Teaching and Preaching (Louisville: John Knox Press, 1994), 376. Psalm 118 is one of the most popular psalms of the Psalter for Jews and Christians. 4 Claus Westermann, Praise and Lament in the Psalms, trs. Dahl, David P. Hymn Interpretations. ... As the procession moves along, the theme of rejoicing is … Psalm 135. Introduction to Psalm 118: “Hosanna!” by Carl Bosma. Of Music: "Lift Up Your Heads, O Gates” [see music notes] Psalms 118:4 is a chorus; the whole procession, the living: and the dead who are raised to meet Christ ( 1 Thessalonians 4:16), shout aloud the burden of the song, Psalms 118:1. Music Notes: A psalm of thanksgiving is, first of all, a response to a heard lament. This is a Psalm that allows multiple voices and can become a testimony of thanksgiving. In the King James Version, the Lord is mentioned in every verse. Morningstar As such, however, a comparison with the textbook example of this type of psalm, Psalm 30, shows that it is unique. You may use this same pattern to design all of Psalm 118 for the Scripture Reading if you like.

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